Requires a voltage of 13.8 V across the battery's terminals 

June 10 [Mon], 2013, 15:22
The energy used to charge rechargeable batteries usually comes from a battery charger using AC mains electricity, although some are equipped to use a vehicle's 12-volt DC power outlet. Regardless, to store energy in a secondary cell, it has to be connected to a DC voltage source. The negative terminal of the cell has to be connected to the negative terminal of the voltage source and the positive terminal of U150 compatible the voltage source with the positive terminal of the battery. Further, the voltage output of the source must be higher than that of the battery, but not much higher: the greater the difference between the power source and the battery's voltage capacity, the faster the charging process, but also the greater the risk of overcharging and damaging the battery.

Chargers take from a few minutes to several hours to charge a battery. Slow "dumb" chargers without voltage- or temperature-sensing capabilities will charge at a low rate, typically taking 14 hours or more to reach a full charge. Rapid chargers can typically charge cells in two to five hours, depending on the model, with the fastest taking as little as fifteen minutes. Fast chargers must have multiple ways of detecting when a cell reaches full charge (change in terminal voltage, temperature, etc.) to stop charging before harmful overcharging or overheating occurs. The fastest chargers often incorporate cooling fans to keep the cells from overheating.

Battery charging and discharging rates are often discussed by referencing a "C" rate of current. The C rate is that which would theoretically fully charge or discharge the battery in one hour. For example, trickle charging might be performed at C/20, while typical charging and discharging may occur at C/2. (In practice, charging and discharging batteries incurs losses, so the "C" rate is more of an approximation.) In general, the higher the current relative to battery capacity, the worse the effective storage capacity and overall life of the battery will be.[citation needed]

Flow batteries, used for specialised applications, are recharged by replacing the electrolyte liquid.
Battery manufacturers' technical notes often refer to VPC; this is volts per cell, and refers to the individual secondary cells that make up the U160 compatible. (This is typically in reference to 12-volt lead-acid batteries.) For example, to charge a 12 V battery (containing 6 cells of 2 V each) at 2.3 VPC requires a voltage of 13.8 V across the battery's terminals.

Non-rechargeable alkaline and zinc–carbon cells output 1.5V when new, but this voltage drops with use. Most NiMH AA and AAA cells are rated at 1.2 V, but have a flatter discharge curve than alkalines and can usually be used in equipment designed to use alkaline batteries.

Large incremental blocks of added capacity 

March 12 [Tue], 2013, 10:52
Lithium ion battery technology is technically and economically superior to traditional generation-based mechanisms used for ancillarybright A32-F80 services, including frequency regulation, spinning reserve and renewable integration.

In addition to those services, another existing scenario where advanced energy storage demonstrates significant promise is in helping to defer investment in and optimize costly transmission and distribution (T&D) upgrades, especially where right-of-way is limited or accessibility is reduced.

T&D assets are sized to meet peak demand, but are rarely used at those levels. As demand increases, T&D assets need to be upgraded to serve growing peak demand, while maintaining all assets in the T&D delivery chain within their ratings.

The cost of adding T&D assets, which includes the capital cost of equipment, an annual financial carrying charge and operation and maintenance fees, can be significant. In most cases, however, the total capacity of the T&D asset increase is not needed immediately as the upgrades are generally planned to support projected demand several years ahead of time and typically come in large incremental blocks of added capacity.

Advanced energy storage can be deployed to defer the considerable cost associated with adding T&D capacity by offering a solution that can be added to the grid incrementally, which coincides with the incremental increase in demand. Storage can also be permitted and placed close to load, thus relieving the complete delivery chain—from the original source of generation, through the T&D delivery chain and to the point of use.

For example, a utility determines that it needs to add 2 MW of T&D assets to an 8-MW distribution system to meet projected demand. In the U.S., demand typically increases by a few percentages points per year, so the utility will likely only need to increase capacity by about 240 kW per year. Instead of implementing the entire 2-MW T&D upgrade, the utility can opt to deploy 240-kW advanced energy storage systems to keep up with demand, the cost of which is comparable to the annual carrying charge associated with the full asset deployment.

Over time, the T&D upgrades — including new transformer banks as well as additional transmission lines and distribution circuit capacity — must ultimately be executed to meet the demand increase. At that point, the modular design of lithium ion battery energy storage solutions enables them to be economically detached and redeployed at another point in the distribution system for T&D deferral at a different substation. Because lithium ion battery systems offer a lengthy service lifetime, this process can be repeated several times as necessary.

In addition to mitigating the significant costs associated with T&D asset investment, deploying advanced energy storage for T&D deferralbright A32-1015 can increase asset utilization by eliminating the need for capital upgrades to meet brief duration peak system loads.

The ability to “peak shave” at the circuit, substation and even system level through aggregation will offer utilities a reliable and effective new alternative to increasing total system asset capacity factor, which measures asset utilization. Better asset utilization ultimately means delivering maximum value for utilities’ rate-payer investment in T&D delivery assets.

The firm specialises in manufacturing the nickel-metal hydride batteries  

March 12 [Tue], 2013, 10:49
The electronics field of ovonics was named after Mr Ovshinsky, who owned over 200 patents and has been described as a "[Thomas] Edisonbright A32-UL20 of our age".

He introduced the idea of "glass transistors" in 1968, which paved the way for modern flat-screen monitors.

He and his first wife Iris set up a firm called Energy Conversion Devices.

The firm specialises in manufacturing the nickel-metal hydride batteries he designed, which are still used in hybrid vehicles, and also produces large thin, flexible sheets of solar panelling also invented by Mr Ovshinsky.

He received various honorary degrees and awards but had no formal education after high school. He claimed to have taught himself science by using the public libraries of Ohio where he grew up.

His son Harvey said he was "determinedbright A32-K53 to change the world".

"My father worked tirelessly 24-7, even up until he got sick, to change the world and its attitude toward sustainable energy and alternate platforms for information," he added.

Mr Ovshinsky is survived by his second wife Rosa, brother Herb, seven children and six grandchildren.

This section teaches what to do when the battery is new 

January 08 [Tue], 2013, 10:42
In many ways, a battery behaves like a human being; it senses the kindness offered and delivers on the care and attention given. Looking after the 11.1v 5200mah 9cells inspiron-1720 well will return the benevolence bestowed and deliver good performance over a long life. There are exceptions, however, as any parent raising a large family will know, and the generosity given may not always deliver the anticipated returns.

To become a good custodian, we must understand the basic needs of a battery, a subject that is not taught in school. This section teaches what to do when the battery is new, how to feed it the right “food” and what to do when putting the pack aside for a while. The next articles also look into restrictions when traveling with batteries by air and how to dispose of them when their useful life has passed.

Just as we cannot predict a person’s life expectancy at birth, we cannot date-stamp a battery. Some packs live to a great old age while others die young.Incorrect charging, harsh discharge loads and exposure to heat 11.1v 5200mah 9cells Studio 1535 battery are the battery’s worst enemies. Although we have waysto protect a battery, the ideal situation is not always attainable, and as battery custodians we try to do our best. This chapter discusses how we can get the most from our batteries.

Prime to prepare new and stored batteries for field use 

January 08 [Tue], 2013, 10:40
Batteries are commonly tested by measuring the capacity through a full discharge. While voltage and internal resistance provide a rough indication of the battery condition, these readings do not disclose the capacity, the leading health indicator of a battery. Voltage and resistance tend to reveal anomalies only when the 11.1v 5200mah 9cells Studio 1737 battery is in a fault mode. Most batteries keep a normal voltage and low resistance while the capacity gradually fades with age. Read about How to Measure Internal Resistance.

There is a move towards rapid testing, however, current methods only provide an estimation of the battery performance and the results can be in accurate. Rapid-test methods work best with single-cell Li-ion packs; series and parallel connection of cells can distort the readings. Public safety, medical and defense organizations still apply a periodic full discharge/charge cycles, and this is normally done with a battery analyzers.
Battery Analyzer

Battery analyzers became popular in the 1980s and 1990s to restore nickel-cadmium batteries affected by “memory.” Today, battery analyzers serve in identifying packs that no longer meet requirements; they form a vital part in maintaining fleet batteries. Read about How to Maintain Fleet Batteries. Typical battery analyzers are the Cadex C7000 Series, workhorses that serve a broad range of batteries. These devices accommodate lead-, nickel- and lithium-based batteries, feature automated service programs and operate in stand-alone mode or with PC software.

The Cadex analyzers include Custom programs in which the user sets a unique sequence of charge, discharge, recondition, wait and repeat. The Lifecycle program cycles battery until the capacity drops to the preset target capacity while counting the delivered cycles. OhmTest measures the internal battery resistance, and Runtime discharges at three different current levels to test battery runtimes within a simulated user pattern. QuickSort? sorts lithium-ion batteries in 30 seconds into Good, Low and Poor; Boost reactivates packs that fell asleep due to over-discharge. Further programs include Self-Discharge to measure losses in 24 hours, and Prime to prepare new and stored batteries for field use.

Connecting the batteries for service has always been a challenge. Cadex solved the battery interface with the SnapLock? adapter system consisting of custom adapters for common batteries and universal adapters for specialty packs. The custom adapters are easiest to use as they are designed for a 11.1v 5200mah 9cells T116C type and the pack can go in only one way. The adapters include configuration codes that store up to 10 unique battery types and feature a thermistor to monitor temperature. Installing the adapter configures the analyzer to the correct setting. Editing is possible with analyzer’s menu function or via the PC-BatteryShop software. See Cadex's list of available adapters.

With the proliferation of cellular batteries and the need for a quick and simple battery interchange, Cadex developed the RigidArm?. This universal battery adapter features spring-loaded arms that meet the battery contacts from the top down. Read about How to Service Mobile Phone Batteries. A third option is the Smart Cables (Figure 3) featuring alligator clips and a temperature sensor to monitor battery temperature.

To the right of this article, you’ll see our in-house inventory fresh Alkaline batteries 

November 20 [Tue], 2012, 11:30
Alkaline batteries are used by many, many consumers the world over. They are non-rechargeable. Other commonly used terms for non-rechargeable are: single use and disposable. They’ve been around a good long time! Alkaline replacement rn873 57Y4559are commonly used in today’s consumer electronics. Items like: digital cameras, electronic games/toys, mp3 players, and GPS products just to name a few.

Although Alkaline chemistry is not a rechargeable technology, there is a version of 1.5 volt Alkaline cells that are rechargeable however it’s not a product that is available for consumer purchase so you won’t find them on the shelf at your local retailer. We can’t emphasize enough that the Alkaline batteries you see in stores (and online, from reputable battery sellers), are NOT rechargeable and absolutely NEVER EVER try to charge them. To do so, poses a very real fire hazard risk!

Alkaline batteries are made by leading battery manufacturers such as Duracell, Panasonic, and Energizer as well as others of course, and are available at most corner stores on blister cards, and of course, in bulk (much cheaper!) online. Cost for Alkaline batteries fluctuate from one seller to another but of course, buying them in bulk is always your best bet if you don’t need them in retail displays. You’d only need them carded like that if you yourself were a reseller of them. If you’re not a merchant, look for the best deals you can find online and stock up with a trustworthy battery supplier!

Something that’s important to note on the subject of battery suppliers is, it’s not only a matter about price. Great customer service is also a factor to measure before spending hard earned dollars on items you use everyday, such as batteries! A battery seller who has their own inventory, for example, and is not an affiliate for another distributer, is what you want. Also, you need someone who takes your calls, or at least returns your voice mails immediately and who answers emails promptly, is the ideal choice.

On the subject of shelf life: (Think about it – what good are dead batteries?), you must be stocked with batteries that have great date codes. Since these are not rechargeable, freshness is of utmost importance.

Alkaline batteries in sizes:AA, AAA,C, D and 9 Volt, typically have a shelf-life of roughly 7 years or so, so when you do find a good supplier for them, stock up for future use! It’s money saver to have enough stock for a while. In this way, you don’t have to pay higher prices because you ran out and had to source them at the last minute!

While on the subject of buying batteries at the last minute, consider your travel habits. If you need to replenish your alkaline battery supply while on the go away from home, you will be sure to pay higher prices for them at places like gas stations, airports, drugstores and other convenience stores. That’s justification right there for making sure you’re never left in the lurch because these types of places inflate their prices, knowing how much you need them. Supply and demand folks! Travellers must pay for the convenience of being able to find batteries at these “convenience locations” You’re not just paying for the batteries, don’t be fooled! You’re paying for the convenience to you to be able to get them there.

Always plan ahead and stock pile Alkaline batteries if you use them often and in many products!

Wherever you buy them, check to be sure that their date codes (expiration dates) are a good 5 years down the road.

If you happen to want to switch over to rechargeable batteries one day, consider NiMh rechargeable batteries as the ideal replacement high quality rn873 L08S6D13for them. NiMH stands for Nickel Metal Hydride. This type of chemistry is rechargeable.

To the right of this article, you’ll see our in-house inventory fresh Alkaline batteries. Browse around if you’re in the market to get some, and if you’ve got any questions about them that have not been discussed on this page, we invite you to contact us before you buy and we’ll give you all the technical assistance you require to make an informed decision.

Easily available on the internet as well as in the market 

November 20 [Tue], 2012, 11:29
With electronic or electricity based items and objects greatly in use today, cells and batteries have become a household name. These are the two objects that are found in every household today and without which, life seems battery for rn873 L09M6Y02impossible. Be it toys, remotes of fans, television sets, air conditioners or DVD players, watches, digital cameras, cell phones or any other daily use product, nothing can function without batteries.

Although there is a huge difference between the cells and batteries used by all of this gadgetry, the object known to us as a cell or battery has more or less similar functionality and mechanism. Whatever might be the type, mechanism or shape of the cell, it is something that we are using in our daily life and it has become a driver for our world since a great proportion of whatever this world contains today, is driven by electricity or some voltage, so to speak.

One of the major and most commonly used types of cells is the alkaline battery which is used in toys such as robots and cars as well as remotes, wall clocks and other light duty household items. This battery is one of the many rechargeable batteries that we have today and run on an electrochemical reaction.

Alkaline batteries run on the reaction that takes place between manganese oxide that is chemically written as MnO2 and zinc that is represented by a chemical symbol of Zn. When it comes to the mechanism and shape, alkaline batteries are very closely related to zinc-carbon batteries that run on the reaction between manganese oxide and carbon powder. In zinc-carbon batteries, the cell is packed in a can that is made up of zinc. This can not only makes up for the traditional cylindrical covering of the cell but also plays part as the negative terminal.

The positive terminal in this cell is the carbon rod that is surrounded by a mixture of powdered carbon and manganese oxide. The electrolysis of the two chemical compounds is aided by an electrolyte that is made using a mixture of ammonium chloride and zinc chloride dissolved in water. In comparison to zinc-carbon batteries, alkaline batteries have longer shelf lives and higher energy densities, given that that voltage is the same. Although there are batteries with higher capacity and energy density but they cost way more in price and hence become uneconomical for most buyers. These cells are known as button cell silver-oxide batteries. Hence, keeping in view the capacity, energy density, shelf life and cost effectiveness, an alkaline battery becomes the most feasible choice for most buyers.

The company, Everready Battery, is deemed to be the first producer of the alkaline batteries working for which, a Canadian engineer, invented it somewhere in the 1950s. The name of the engineer was Lewis Urry. However it was not until the 9th of October, 1957 that Lewis Urry, along with P. A. Marsal and Karl Kordesch filed the United States patent for alkaline batteries which finally got granted in the year 1960. Union Carbide Corporation was the first to be assigned the patent. That was a little account of alkaline batteries but talking chemically, the choice of zinc powder has been excellent for sure as it provides more surface area to the negative terminal and hence allows for sufficient amount of current.

The cathode or the positive terminal of the alkaline battery is composed of manganese oxide as discussed above. In this case, as opposed to the mechanism of zinc-carbon batteries, the electrolysis or the chemical reaction is aided by the electrolyte known as potassium hydroxide and not by ammonium chloride or zinc chloride dissolved in water. Voltage produce by a single of such batteries is around 1.5 volts, however a series of many alkaline batteries may allow for higher voltages to be achieved. Types of alkaline batteries have also been found whose voltage production ranges up to 1.65 volts. This would, most probably, be a non-discharged and zero-load battery.

The voltage however depends greatly on the chosen contents of the zinc oxide in the electrolyte or the manganese dioxide. Under load, an average alkaline cell would present a voltage of no more than 1.3 volts but no 11.1v 5200mah 9cells rn873 L09S6Y11lesser than 1.1 volts. Even when fully discharged, these batteries are left with a voltage of 0.8 to 1.0 volts.

Easily available on the internet as well as in the market, alkaline batteries can be bought for very cheap prices. Different brands produce varying qualities of the cell and as per the choice, consumers can buy the one they consider to be the best for their gadget.

The fire brigade acquired a battery analyzer  

September 17 [Mon], 2012, 16:28
Batteries get checked when they no longer hold charge or the equipment is sent in for repair. In an effort to improve reliability and cut replacement costs, many organizations have adapted some type of 9cells VGP-BPS13/Smaintenance.

A user may feel that his or her battery works adequately during routine days, not knowing that the pack holds only half the capacity. A system must be fit to operate in unforeseen circumstances and emergencies where every watt of battery power is needed. Breakdowns during these critical moments are all too common and weak batteries are often to blame. The loss of adequate battery power is as detrimental as any other malfunction in the system.
I have recorded a number of stories in which lack of battery maintenance was evident:

Fire brigade - A fire brigade had chronic communication problems with two-way radios. The problems were most acute during call-outs lasting two hours and longer. Although their radios functioned on receive, the transmissions broke up and the calls did not get through.
The fire brigade acquired a battery analyzer (Cadex) and all batteries were serviced through exercise and recondition methods. Batteries that did not recover to a set target capacity were replaced.

Shortly thereafter, the firefighters were summoned to a ten-hour call that demanded heavy radio traffic. To their astonishment, none of the radios failed. The success of this operation was credited to the good performance of their batteries. The following day, the captain of the fire brigade personally contacted the manufacturer of the battery analyzer and enthusiastically endorsed the use of the device.

Emergency response - A Cadex representative was allowed to view the State Emergency Management Facility of a large US city. In the fortified underground bunker, 1400 batteries were kept in chargers. The green lights glowed, indicating that the batteries where ready at a moment's notice. The officer in charge stood erect and confidently said, "We are prepared for any emergency".

The representative then asked the officer to hand over a battery to check the state-of-health. Within seconds, the battery analyzer detected a fail condition. In an effort to make good, the officer grabbed another battery from the charger but it failed too. Subsequent batteries also fell short.

Nickel-based batteries placed on prolonged standby become inoperable due to memory in as little a three months. Scenarios such as these are common. Political hurdles and lack of funding often stand in the way of a quick solution. The only thing the officer can do is pray that no emergency will occur.

Army - Defense organizations take great pride in employing the highest quality and best performing equipment. When it comes to rechargeable batteries, however, there are exceptions. The battery often escapes the scrutiny of a full military inspection and only its visual appearance is checked. Maintenance is frequently ignored and little effort is made in keeping track of the replacement VGP-BPS14/Bstate of health, cycle count and age. In time, the soldiers begin carrying rocks instead of batteries.

Batteries fooled the British Army during the Falkland War in 1982. The army assumed that a battery would always follow the rigid military specifications, even after long neglect. Not so. When the order was given to launch the portable missiles, nothing happened and the missiles did not fly that day. The batteries were dead.

Chinese electric car industry in the critical period of growth 

July 24 [Tue], 2012, 16:53
Led by the State Grid Corporation, the exchange of China EPRI editor of the national standard GB / T 28569-2012 "electric vehicle charging pile energy metering" by the State Administration of Quality hp Pavilion envy 17 batterySupervision, Inspection and Quarantine, the National Standardization Management Committee approved the release, and will beNovember 1 implementation.

At present, the Chinese electric car industry in the critical period of growth, but long-term lack of a unified charging facilities standards have become a major obstacle restricting the development of the electric vehicle industry. In order to accelerate the electric car charging infrastructure construction, promote the industrialization of electric vehicles and low-carbon development of circular economy in 2010, the Standardization Administration of China Electricity Council, the center issued 2010 GB plan to declare the project. China EPRI as the "Electric Vehicle charging pile energy metering compilation units to carry out a large number of pre-research work, widely to fight for expert advice on various industries, have complete control of the charging characteristics of the exchange of electric vehicle charging pile.

Electric Vehicle Charging pile energy metering standard covers the installation of Electric Vehicle Charging pile energy metering technology requirements and energy metering device configuration requirements, test methods and inspection rules. The implementation of the standard will provide charging facilities for the commercial operation of providing standard support order to regulate the exchange of charge pile and charge measurement of electrical energy metering device design, production and acceptance to provide a technical foundation to promote the development and application of electric cars and charging facilities for industrial.

Since the Ninth Five-Year Plan, the national electric vehicle Standards Commission of organization industry forces to develop electric vehicle standards approved and promulgated by Standardization Sector has reached 51, ​​including 36 national standards, the automotive industry standard 15 to support electric vehicles the results of evaluation of scientific and technological projects, the electric replacemen tPavilion g6 batterycar demonstration runs, new energy vehicles access and access management products. In addition, there are six electric motorcycle standards.

Up to now, has completed the technical review of reported cases pending standard 12, 28 has been the standard plan is being revised standards, including eight amendments. There is no standard scheme, but has started the preliminary studies of the standard 41.

Core technology is a breakthrough in 

July 24 [Tue], 2012, 16:51
Recently, the State Council officially launched the "energy-saving and new energy automotive industry development plan (2012-2020), clearly the main strategic orientation of new energy vehicle development and the automobile industry in transition, the pure electric, pure electric cars and plug-in the current focus on promoting hybrid electric vehicle industry, the promotion of non-plug-in 9cells VGP-BPS20/Shybrid vehicles, energy-saving internal combustion engine vehicles, to enhance the technical level of China's automobile industry as a whole route.
"Overtaking around the curve" unrealistic

"Planning" to determine a pure electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid power car of new energy vehicles mainly technical route, and proposed focus on breakthrough power battery, motor and electronic control technology, promote the pure electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid car industry of to realize leap-forward development of China's automobile industry. Pure electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicles to the 2015 cumulative production and sales and strive to reach 500,000; 2020, the pure electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicle production capacity of 2 million, the cumulative production and sales of over 5 million vehicles, fuel cell vehicles, car hydrogen energy industry with the international development.

Operators of new energy vehicles in China just over 4000 vehicles, the overall in its infancy. China's new energy vehicles to achieve the goal of 2015 500 000, a very difficult task. Industry and Information Technology Vice Minister Su Bo said that China's new energy vehicles is general in its infancy, "overtaking around the curve" unrealistic. The future will be new energy vehicles included in the expansion of the scope of the auto companies.

Vehicle production capacity to co-ordinate the development of new energy vehicles, the implementation of the renovation and expansion of existing auto companies to consider building a new energy automobile production capacity. "Soupault said that although the enterprise Prior to this new project, off-site factories must be with new energy, its own brand planning "is an open secret in the industry, but the department in charge of the automotive industry has never publicly confirmed this requirement, this is also the competent department for the first time clear of new energy vehicles to be linked with enterprise expansion.

Soupault said that the next 10 years, China's automobile industry to upgrade and grow stronger in the critical period, nurture and develop energy-saving and new energy automotive industry is to accelerate the transformation of economic development is an important task.

Core technology is a breakthrough in

"Planning" to speed up the cultivation and development of energy-saving and new energy automotive industry to achieve change by the auto industry power in the automobile industry a Major. To the vehicle as a leader, foster and promote the industrial chain of the battery, motor, automotive electronics, advanced internal combustion engine, efficient transmissions to speed up development. Speed ​​up charging facilities, good marketing, service and battery recycling, to form a complete industrial supporting system.

At present, there are a number of electric vehicle industry alliance. Automobile Association in the United Chery, 10 auto companies in 2009 "Top10 Electric Vehicle Industry Alliance, intended to capture industrial difficulties. After the start of the new energy industry to promote the electric vehicle industry alliance of central enterprises set up, composed of the electric vehicle lineup, "national team". Since Fukuda joint 6 Chinese and foreign enterprises "sustainable new energy League of Nations. Excessive Union, however, is not conducive to the advantage of industrial concentration.

Electric vehicles are the three technologies is critical, battery, motor and control system, charging system, battery electric vehicles, the core system. "Plan" clearly the most critical core indicators of the power battery - energy density of the request, in 2020 should reach 300 Wh / kg or more, a substantial increase in the half.

Research Office of the State Council Development Research Center of MII Wang Xiaoming said that the new energy automotive industry focus on technological breakthroughs, the state concentrate on basic research to speed up power battery in order to guide the sustained and healthy development of new energy automotive industry. In addition, we must break through the weak link of replacement VGP-BPS20A the industrial chain. The state should rely on companies and research institutes to support and create a new generation of power battery Innovation Alliance, not only is the product of technical and functional, once the basic technology is a breakthrough, the entire auto industry will benefit.