Japanese IT market research firm - Japan IT Research Institute (IIT) recently released a report, Japan is to sit tight in the 20 years the throne of the rechargeable battery market this year may be transferred to the Republic of Korea, also urged the South Korean enterprises in the global rechargeable battery market in Japan launched fierce attacks vigilant. Report that in 2011, the share of Korean companies and Japanese companies in the global rechargeable battery market will reach 38.5% and 38.4%. From now the world rechargeable battery market competition to see the contents of Japanese IT Research Institute forecast is entirely possible to become a reality.
The Government's strong support to improve the technical level
In July 2010, South Korean President Lee Myung-bak presided over a green growth committee reported to the Assembly, the Korean Ministry of Knowledge Economy, Ministry of Finance, Planning, Education Science and Technology and the Green Growth Committee submitted a Korean rechargeable battery designed to improve industrial competitiveness proposal, including the next 10 years to invest 15 trillion won (U.S. $ 12.5 billion) for the rechargeable battery technology R & D in order to enhance the status of the technology in the world to increase global market share, 2020, South Korea to build producing countries of the world's largest rechargeable battery.
The main proposals cover the following four elements: First, strengthen the competitiveness of large and medium-sized battery industry; second is to concentrate development of the core material of rechargeable batteries; build a virtuous circle of industrial ecology; promote the establishment of international rechargeable battery industry integration roadmap ". The South Korean government expects the research and development of related projects to achieve the desired goal, 2020, South Korea in the technical capacity will reach 80% of the level of developed countries, South Korean battery manufacturer in the global market share will reach 50%.
At present, the Ten Group (date) was in Korea, Samsung, LG, Hanwha, POSCO, Lotte, GS 7 group to enter the rechargeable battery market or announced its entry into the market. Korean companies led by Samsung SDI and LG Chem, following the small battery market for mobile phones, laptops, car battery field has great potential for development will also be ahead of Japan.
The core materials market is still Japan's world
Research Institute of the Japanese IT research report related to the rechargeable battery market analysis is finished the field. In the field of the core material of the rechargeable battery, Japan is still dominant.
The rechargeable battery is composed of four parts by the positive electrode, negative electrode, separator and electrolyte. The principle of rechargeable batteries, the positive and negative poles of the voltage gap between the storage of electricity and power generation. Isolation positive and negative poles to prevent their contact with the separator, electrolyte fill the space between the anode, cathode and diaphragm material. These four core material accounts for 65-70% of the total cost. The world's largest manufacturer of these core materials are almost all Japanese companies. Japan's Nichia Chemical Industries, Ltd. is the largest manufacturer of the positive electrode; Hitachi Chemical Industries in Japan is the largest producer of the negative electrode; divide the market, Asahi Kasei Co., Ltd. and the United States CELGARD are competing for the market the first two; only field in the electrolyte, Korea Panaxetec with Japan's Ube Kosan a higher low.
Core materials market due to the monopoly of Japanese companies, with the finished enterprise of Samsung SDI, LG Chemical battery export volume growth, South Korea, the materials imported from Japan is also increasing. In 2009, Korean companies charging the battery's total exports reached $ 2.45 billion, nearly half of the core material imports, reached $ 1.07 billion. Imports from Japan amounted to $ 490 million, accounting for 46%.
Korea Ministry of Knowledge Economy, published in July 2010, the rechargeable battery to strengthen the competitiveness of the program acknowledged this disadvantage. According to analysis, the South Korean battery manufacturing technology and Japan, but the material and the core technology competitiveness less than half that of Japan. Korea Ministry of Knowledge Economy and the rechargeable battery industry, said rechargeable battery core material, the localization rate of only about 30%. South Korean industry official said, even if Korea is to sit the throne, rechargeable batteries finished the field of rechargeable battery market the first true still.
Investment boom set off for the core material
Behind Japan in the field of rechargeable battery materials, the South Korean companies to increase investment in this area seek to change the status quo within two years. The most representative is to enter the negative electrode market, GS Group and POSCO. GS Caltex and Posco Chemtech, in the July 2011 voted to build the rechargeable battery to the negative electrode factory in Gumi, North Gyeongsang and South Chungcheong Yeongi. As of 2010, only 1% of the negative electrode localization rate of Korea, the negative electrode market by Japanese companies hand control. However, if the two companies started at the end of 2011 production, will be able to meet the South Korean domestic demand.
LG Chem and SK Innovation, following the charging of the battery finished, began production of the core material of rechargeable batteries. LG Chem has started production of the positive electrode and the electrolyte, negative electrode and the diaphragm is still in the research and development status. SK Innovation2005 years, first in Korea to achieve commercialization of the rechargeable battery separator technology has become a top five companies in this field world. The company also developed jointly with the South Korean the Aekyung oil of the negative electrode.
The South Korean government and the industry driven by the growth in demand for convenience, eco-friendly power, the global rechargeable battery market scale from 2010 to $ 12.3 billion to expand to $ 77.9 billion in 2020. The mobile IT products used by small rechargeable battery market size increased from the current $ 9.4 billion to $ 22 billion; electric vehicles and energy storage using large and medium-sized rechargeable battery market share from the current $ 3 billion to $ 55.9 billion . If the rechargeable battery market, as supposed, the development and growth, the market size of each of the core material will be more than 10 trillion won. This is South Korea's large enterprises in addition to the finished product other than the material to give a high degree of concern.
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