,

September 03 [Thu], 2009, 1:16
www.ets.org/toefl
U OF TOKYO
MEDICINE
U OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
KOREA
SINGAPOREMCGILL
UK
GERMANY
Go anywhere from here.
How to prepare
for the TOEFL iBT.
TOEFL
®
iBT Tips
For the latest information about the TOEFL iBT or to sign up
for our mailing list to receive updates, visit www.ets.org/toefl .

Contacts for Test Takers and Parents:
Write to: toefl @ets.org
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Call: Toll Free 1-877-863-3546 (Inside the United States, U.S. Territories and Canada)

Contacts for Teachers and Institutions:
Write to: toefl news@ets.org
Call: 1-609-683-2008
TOEFL iBT Tips
TOEFL® iBT Tips
TOEFL iBT Tips―from ETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Open More Doors with TOEFL® iBT, the Key to Academic Success . . . 4
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
The TOEFL® Test―The Key to Academic Success . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
TOEFL Scores Open More Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
The New TOEFL iBT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
What’s New About the TOEFL iBT? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Why Were Changes Made to the TOEFL Test? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
About the TOEFL iBT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Question Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
A. TOEFL iBT Reading Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Academic Reading Skills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
What is Different? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
B. TOEFL iBT Listening Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Academic Listening Skills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
What is Different? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
C. TOEFL iBT Speaking Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Academic Speaking Skills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Speaking Task Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Independent Speaking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Integrated Speaking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
What is Different? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
D. TOEFL iBT Writing Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Academic Writing Skills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Writing Task Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Integrated Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Independent Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Contents continued on next page.
TOEFL iBT Tips
What is Different? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
About Test Scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
A. Score Scales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
B. Rating of Speaking and Writing Responses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Speaking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
C. Score Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
D. Score Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
General Skill-building Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
A. Reading Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
B. Listening Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
C. Speaking Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
D. Writing Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Test Preparation Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Step 1: View all the Test Materials to See What the Test is Like. . . . . . 35
Step 2: Take an Online Practice Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Step 3: Practice More on Your Weakest Skills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Step 4: Use Proven Test-Taking Strategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Register for the New TOEFL iBT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Step 1: Get a Copy of the Information and Registration Bulletin . . . . . 40
Step 2: Check the TOEFL Website for the List of Test Centers . . . . . . . 40
Step 3: Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Questions Frequently Asked by Test Takers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Rollout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Test Delivery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Test Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Test Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Test Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Appendix. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Rubrics for Speaking Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Rubrics for Writing Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Score Comparisons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Speaking Score Comparisons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Total Score Comparisons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Score Comparisons for Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
TOEFL iBT Tips
Score Comparisons for Listening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Score Comparisons for Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Converting Rubric Scores to Scaled Scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Percentile Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Standard Error of Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Contacting ETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Performance Feedback for Test Takers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
TOEFL iBT Tips4 TOEFL iBT Tips
TOEFL® iBT Tips―from ETS
Open More Doors with TOEFL® iBT, the Key to Academic Success
ETS (Educational Testing Service), created this publication. ETS is the nonprofi t educational
organization in Princeton, New Jersey, USA, that develops and administers the TOEFL® test.
TOEFL® iBT Tips is designed to help English-language learners understand and prepare for
the TOEFL® Internet-based test (TOEFL® iBT). As learners prepare for the test, they also
build the skills required for academic success. TOEFL iBT Tips also supports ESL/EFL
instructors and educational advisors as they help students with test preparation.
TOEFL iBT Tips does not replace the Information and Registration Bulletin for TOEFL
Internet-based testing, which contains information test takers need to register for the test. To
download the Bulletin, visit the TOEFL website at www.ets.org/toefl or write to TOEFL
Services, PO Box 6151, Princeton, NJ, 08541, USA, to receive a copy.
To receive updates, special offers, and discounts on test preparation materials, sign up for
the TOEFL mailing list on the TOEFL website at www.ets.org/toefl .
Introduction
The TOEFL Test―The Key to Academic Success
Undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate programs around the world require students to
demonstrate their ability to communicate in English as an entrance requirement.
The TOEFL test gives students the opportunity to prove they can communicate ideas effectively
by simulating university classroom and student life communication. The language used in
the test refl ects real-life English-language usage in university lectures, classes, and
laboratories. It is the same language professors use when they discuss coursework or
concepts with students. It is the language students use in study groups and everyday
university situations, such as buying books at the bookstore. The reading passages are from
real textbooks and course materials.
TOEFL Scores Open More Doors
The TOEFL test measures how well students use English, not just their knowledge of the
language. Because it is a valid and reliable test with unbiased, objective scoring, the TOEFL
test confi rms that a student has the English language skills necessary to succeed in an
academic setting. That’s why it has become the most popular and accessible English-
language test in the world. It has been administered more than 20 million times since 1964,
and is available in more than 180 countries. It is also the most accepted test in the world.
More than 6,000 colleges, universities, and agencies in 110 countries accept TOEFL scores.
That means that students have the fl exibility to use their TOEFL test scores worldwide.
The New TOEFL iBT
First introduced in 2005, TOEFL iBT is being gradually introduced throughout the world.
The paper-based test continues to be offered to supplement the TOEFL iBT test center
network and in countries where the TOEFL iBT is not yet available. To view a list of TOEFL
test center locations, visit the TOEFL website at www.ets.org/toefl .
TOEFL iBT Tips Introduction 5
I
n
t
r
o
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What’s New About the TOEFL iBT?
It tests all four language skills that effective communication requires: Reading,
Listening, Speaking, and Writing. It emphasizes and measures English usage and
communication ability in academic settings.
A Speaking section has been added. This section includes six tasks that require test
takers to wear headphones and speak into a microphone when they respond. The
responses are digitally recorded and sent to ETS’s Online Scoring Network. To ensure
maximum objectivity and reliability, three to six certifi ed ETS raters evaluate the
responses on a scale of 0 to 4. The average rating is then converted to a scaled score of
0 to 30. Raters are constantly monitored every time they score a test to ensure the
highest accuracy and quality control possible.
The Writing section has been expanded. The new test requires test takers to write a
response to material they have heard and read. In addition, test takers must compose
an essay in support of an opinion. Test takers’ typed responses to the writing tasks are
sent to ETS’s Online Scoring Network where two to four raters evaluate the responses
on a scale of 0 to 5. The average rating is converted to a scaled score of 0 to 30.
Some questions require the test taker to use more than one English-language
skill and combine or integrate information from more than one source, the same way
students use English language every day in the classroom. For example, sometimes test
takers read a passage, listen to a short lecture about a topic, and then provide a written
or spoken response. TOEFL iBT helps test takers prove they can combine their English-
language skills to communicate ideas effectively. This ability is the key to academic success.
Note taking is allowed. Test takers can take notes on any section of the test the same
way they would in a real college class. Test takers can use the notes when answering
test questions. The notes are collected and destroyed before the test takers leave the
test center.
The new test takes about four hours. Test takers complete all four sections of the test
in one day, eliminating the need to travel to the test center twice.
It is delivered on computer via the Internet at secure test centers around the world.
The new scores help explain a test taker’s English-language skill level. ETS
provides comprehensive scoring information, including four skill-section scores and a
total score. Performance feedback for each skill and level are available on page 56 of
this publication and the TOEFL website at www.ets.org/toefl . This feedback helps
explain what the new scores mean. Test takers also receive performance feedback on
their score reports to support English-language learning. The feedback describes test
takers’ language profi ciency levels and contains advice on how they can improve their
language skills in the future.
Scores are now reported online. Test takers can view their scores online 15 business
days after the test. They can also choose to receive a copy of their score report by mail.
Colleges, universities, and agencies can go online to view the scores of those students
who selected them as a score recipient. They also continue to receive scores in paper
and electronic formats.
Why Were Changes Made to the TOEFL Test?
To assess the ability to communicate successfully in an academic setting. The new
test helps test takers determine their academic readiness. It also helps institutions
identify and select students with the English-communication skills required to succeed.
To simulate university communication. The new integrated tasks, which require
more than one language skill to complete, refl ect the way language is used on campus
every day―from the classroom to the bookstore. By simply preparing for the new
TOEFL test, students will build the skills they need for academic success.

,

September 03 [Thu], 2009, 1:15
www.ets.org/toefl/bulletinreg
Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM
2009-2010 Information and Registration
BULLETIN
for Internet-based Testing (iBT)
TOEFL iBT
TM
Test
IMPORTANT!
Make sure you have the correct Bulletin!
This Bulletin is for TOEFL® Internet-based testing ONLY.
Information about TOEFL paper-based testing and the
Test of Spoken EnglishTM is in a separate Bulletin.
Read this Bulletin carefully. For up-to-date lists of
test locations, institution codes, and other information
please visit the Test Takers section of the TOEFL
website at www.ets.org/toefl .
Policies in this Bulletin are in effect from July 2009 through
June 2010 and are subject to change without notice.
Go anywhere from here.
The TOEFL® program does not operate, license, endorse,
or recommend any schools or study materials that claim to
prepare people for the test in a short time or that promise them
high scores on the test. The TOEFL program does not endorse,
and is not responsible for, the unauthorized activities of any
independent enterprise that purports to offer local services to
facilitate registration for the test. The TOEFL program assumes
no liability for the failure to provide any unauthorized services.
CONTENTS

2 \ Contents www.ets.org/toefl 2009–10 TOEFL iBT Bulletin
On the Test Day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
What to Bring to the Test Center. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Identification (ID) Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Test Center Procedures and Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Scores and Score Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Examinee Score Record/Official Score Reports . . . . . . . 12
Score Report Posting and Mailing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Interpreting Your TOEFL iBT Scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Canceling Your Scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Ordering Additional Official Score Reports. . . . . . . . . . . 13
Requests for Rescores. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Other Score-Related Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
ETS Score Cancellation Policy. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Test Dates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Test Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
TOEFL iBT Regional Registration
Centers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
TOEFL iBT Institution Codes. . . . . . . . . . . . 18
TOEFL iBT Department Codes. . . . . . . . . . . 18
TOEFL iBT Country and Region Codes . . 19
TOEFL iBT Native Language Codes. . . . . . 20
TOEFL iBT Official Score Report Request
Form. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
TOEFL iBT Rescoring Request Form . . . . 23
TOEFL iBT Registration Form . . . center insert
TOEFL® iBT at a Glance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Registration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Test Takers with Disabilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Test Preparation Material. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
On the Test Day. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
About the TOEFL Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
TOEFL® (Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM). . . 4
The TOEFL Internet-Based Test (TOEFL iBT) . . . . . . . 4
Computer Keyboard Requirement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Web Resource Guide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Contact Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
General Inquiries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Test Takers with Disabilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Registration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Test Question Inquiries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Express Courier Delivery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Test Preparation Materials/Publications . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Online Practice Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Test Center Complaints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Registration Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
How to Register for the TOEFL iBT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Test Dates and Registration Deadlines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Fees for Tests and Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Payment Policies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Rescheduling or Canceling. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Test Fee Refunds. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Copyright © 2009 by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved. ETS, the ETS logos, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING., GRE, TOEFL, and TSE are registered
trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) worldwide. THE PRAXIS SERIES, TEST OF ENGLISH AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE, and TEST OF SPOKEN ENGLISH
are trademarks of Educational Testing Service. Other products, services, and brand names mentioned herein may be registered trademarks of their respective owners.
Educational Testing Service (ETS) administers the tests under the general direction of a board that was established by, and is affiliated with, the College Board and the
Graduate Record Examinations Board. Educational Testing Service is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer.
A single copy of this Bulletin may be downloaded for individual use. No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,
electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from Educational Testing
Service, Princeton, NJ, USA. The policies and procedures explained in this Bulletin are effective only for the 2009–10 testing year and supersede previous policies
and procedures. The fees, terms, and conditions in this Bulletin are subject to change. See the TOEFL website for the most up-to-date information.
TOEFL
®
iBT AT A GLANCE

2009–10 TOEFL iBT Bulletin www.ets.org/toefl TOEFL iBT at a Glance \ 3
REGISTRATION
TEST TAKERS WITH DISABILITIES
TEST PREPARATION MATERIAL
ON TEST DAY
United States, U.S. Territories*, and Canada
PHONE Call the Prometric® TOEFL Registration Center
at 1-443-751-4862 or 1-800-GO-TOEFL
(1-800-468-6335).
MAIL Complete the Registration Form in this Bulletin.
Refer to the instructions on the form.
Regular registration closes seven days prior to the test date
(not including the day of the test). Late registration closes three
days prior to the test date (not including the day of the test).
Late telephone registration closes at 5:00 p.m. local test
center time on the business day before the test. Registrations
received after the regular registration deadline will include a
late fee of US$25. If you are registering by mail, your registra-
tion form must be received four weeks before your earliest test
date choice. See “Registration Information” on pages 6–8.
▶ Receive access to a one-time use practice opportunity ― the TOEFL Sampler ― when you register.
▶ Join the TOEFL Practice Online community at www.ets.org/toeflpractice. TOEFL Practice Online is the only website that simulates
the TOEFL iBT testing experience by covering all four skills: Reading, Writing, Listening, and Speaking. It offers targeted practice to
monitor progress and help confirm readiness for test day, and gives you access to a tour of TOEFL iBT; diagnostic reports for your
completed practice tests; discussion boards; and TOEFL® access, an online student community with information on studying in
English-speaking countries.
▶ Download TOEFL Tips, a free publication from the TOEFL Program with helpful hints to help you succeed ― visit the website’s
Download Library.
▶ Access free sample questions on the Test Content page at www.ets.org/toefl.
▶ Report to the test center at least 30 minutes prior to your scheduled testing time. If you arrive late, you may not be admitted, and
your test fee will be forfeited.
▶ Review the ID requirements on pages 9–10 and bring the required documents with you. Without the required ID documents, you
will not be permitted to test and your test fee will be forfeited.
▶ The entire TOEFL iBT test session (including check-in) is approximately four and one-half hours long.
▶ For other important information regarding test day, see “Test Center Procedures and Regulations” on pages 10–12.
Visit the TOEFL website at www.ets.org/toefl for the most up-to-date information.
Register early for the location and test date you want. Test centers fill up quickly.
* American Samoa , Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands
ONLINE ▶ Please check the TOEFL website to see if there are any payment method restrictions for your location. Test takers with
credit/debit cards can register online at www.ets.org/toefl. American Express®, Discover®, JCB®, MasterCard®, and VISA® are
accepted. Note: Any debit/check card branded with one of the five accepted credit card logos can be used. Test takers with
bank accounts in the United States or its territories* can also pay online with an electronic check (e-check). There is no
extra charge for this service. ETS reserves the right to add or remove online payment methods at its own discretion and
without notice. See “Payment Policies” on pages 7–8 for additional details.
▶ Test dates are available on the TOEFL website at www.ets.org/toefl. Regular registration closes seven days prior to the test
date (not including the day of the test). Late registration closes three days prior to the test date (not including the day of
the test). Registrations received after the regular registration deadline will include a late fee of US$25. See “Registration
Information” on pages 6–8.
International Testing Locations
PHONE Call the Regional Registration Center (RRC) that
services the country in which you plan to test prior
to the registration deadline. (See pages 16–17 for
RRC contact information.)
If you live OUTSIDE the United States and plan to test
WITHIN the United States, call 1-443-751-4862.
MAIL Complete the Registration Form in this Bulletin. Mail it
to the RRC that services the country where you plan to
test. Refer to the instructions on the form.
Regular registration closes seven days prior to the test date (not
including the day of the test). Late registration closes three days
prior to the test date (not including the day of the test). Regis-
trations received after the regular registration deadline will include
a late fee of US$25. If you are registering by mail, your registra-
tion form must be received four weeks before your earliest test
date choice. See “Registration Information” on pages 6–8.
▶ ETS is committed to serving test takers with disabilities by providing services and reasonable accommodations that are appropri-
ate given the purpose of the test. Nonstandard testing accommodations are available for test takers with disabilities who meet ETS
requirements. If you are requesting nonstandard testing accommodations, you must register through ETS and have your accom-
modations approved prior to testing.
▶ The 2009–10 Bulletin Supplement for Test Takers with Disabilities for GRE®, TOEFL, TSE®, and The Praxis SeriesTM tests contains
contact information, registration procedures, and forms. The Supplement should be used in conjunction with the information and
registration form(s) in this Bulletin. To request a copy of the Supplement, contact TOEFL Disability Services. See “Test Takers with
Disabilities” on page 5.
▶ To request a large-print copy of this Bulletin and the 2009–10 Bulletin Supplement for Test Takers with Disabilities for GRE,
TOEFL, TSE and The Praxis Series tests contact TOEFL Disability Services. See “Test Takers with Disabilities” on page 5.
4 \ About the TOEFL Test www.ets.org/toefl 2009–10 TOEFL iBT Bulletin
ABOUT THE TOEFL TEST
The TOEFL® test measures the ability of nonnative English speakers
to communicate in English in an academic setting. It accurately
measures how well students can read, listen, speak and write in
English in the college or university classroom.
TOEFL testing takes place in more than 180 countries, and
TOEFL scores are accepted by more than 6,000 institutions and
agencies in 130 countries. More institutions accept TOEFL scores
than any other English-language proficiency test in the world. The
TOEFL test is the one test that can take you anywhere.
All test centers are open to everyone who is properly registered,
regardless of race, color, creed, or national origin (subject to U.S.
sanctions programs and embargoes).
This Information and Registration Bulletin contains information
about the TOEFL Internet-based test (TOEFL iBT). A list of TOEFL
iBT test locations is available at www.ets.org/toefl.
The TOEFL Internet-Based Test
(TOEFL iBT)
Test takers have up to four hours to complete the TOEFL iBT.
The test has four sections:
▶ Reading―measures the ability to understand academic reading
material.
▶ Listening―measures the ability to understand spoken English as
it is used in colleges and universities.
▶ Speaking―measures the ability to speak English in an academic
context.
▶ Writing―measures the ability to write in a way that is appropriate
for college and university course work.
The test is delivered via the Internet at secure, ETS-approved test
centers. It emphasizes integrated skills and helps confirm that you
are ready to communicate your ideas about what you will read and
listen to in your academic courses. Integrated tasks require you to
combine more than one skill. You’ll be asked to:
▶ Read, listen, and then speak in response to a question
▶ Listen, and then speak in response to a question
▶ Read, listen, and then write in response to a question
The test you take includes extra questions in either the Reading or
Listening section that do not count toward your score. These are
either questions that enable ETS to make test scores comparable
across administrations or new questions that help ETS determine
how such questions function under actual testing conditions.
Each section of the test has a time limit. The computer will
indicate when to start and stop each section. If you finish a section
early, you may go on to the next section, but you may NOT go back
to a section you have already completed. You may, however, go back
within the Reading section during the time allotted for it. Failure to
follow this rule may result in your scores being canceled. There is a
mandatory 10-minute break midway through the testing session.
You should work quickly but carefully on the Listening and
Reading sections. Some questions are more difficult than others, but
try to answer every one to the best of your ability. If you are not sure
of the answer to a question, make the best guess that you can. The
questions in the Speaking and Writing sections are each separately
timed. Try to answer every one of these questions as completely as
possible in the time allowed. For the Speaking and Writing sections
of the test, you must respond only to the assigned topic. If you
respond on a different topic, it will not be scored.
Computer Keyboard Requirement
The TOEFL iBT is administered on a standard English language
(QWERTY) computer keyboard. QWERTY is the most common
modern-day keyboard layout on English-language computer
keyboards. It takes its name from the first six letters displayed at the
top of the keyboard. It is recommended that you practice typing on a
QWERTY keyboard before taking the TOEFL iBT.
Web Resource Guide
www.ets.org/toefl
The official TOEFL website has many resources you may find helpful
to familiarize yourself with the test:
▶ TOEFL Practice Online (www.ets.org/toeflpractice) offers exclusive
ETS test materials and is the only website that:
▶ Simulates the TOEFL iBT testing experience by covering
all four skills: Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing.
▶ Offers a variety of targeted practice so you can monitor your
progress and helps confirm readiness for test day.
▶ Helps predict performance with instant scores and feedback
for Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing.
▶ Membership to TOEFL Practice Online also gives you access to:
▶ A tour of the TOEFL iBT test
▶ Your personal account, so you can manage your online profile,
as well as purchase and take TOEFL practice tests
▶ Diagnostic reports for your completed practice tests
▶ TOEFL® access, an online student community that provides
information on studying in English-speaking countries
▶ Discussion boards and study tips
Note: TOEFL Practice Online does not contain the extra questions in
the Reading and Listening sections that are part of every TOEFL iBT
test. Therefore, TOEFL Practice Online is shorter than the actual
TOEFL iBT test.
TOEFL® (TEST OF ENGLISH AS A
FOREIGN LANGUAGETM)
EXPRESS COURIER DELIVERY
MS 25Q-310
Distribution and Receiving Center
TOEFL Services
225 Phillips Boulevard
Ewing, NJ 08628-7435 USA
TEST PREPARATION MATERIALS/
PUBLICATIONS
Phone
1-800-446-3319―United States, U.S.
Territories*, Canada
1-609-771-7243―all other locations
Monday–Friday
8:00 a.m.–7:00 p.m. New York time
Mail
TOEFL Order Services
Educational Testing Service
PO Box 6151
Princeton, NJ 08541-6151 USA
Web
See “Prepare for the Test” on the TOEFL
website at www.ets.org/toefl.
ONLINE PRACTICE MATERIALS
TOEFL iBT practice materials are available
online at TOEFL Practice Online
(www.ets.org/toeflpractice).
TEST CENTER COMPLAINTS
Mail
MS 16-Z
TOEFL iBT Complaints
Internet-Based Testing Network Group
Educational Testing Service
Rosedale Road
Princeton, NJ 08541-6163 USA
Fax
1-609-771-7710
2009–10 TOEFL iBT Bulletin www.ets.org/toefl Contact Information \ 5
TEST TAKERS WITH DISABILITIES
Phone
1-866-387-8602―United States, U.S.
Territories*, Canada
1-609-771-7780―all other locations
Teletypewriter (TTY) Number: 1-609-771-7714
Monday–Friday
8:30 a.m.–5:00 p.m. New York time
Mail
TOEFL Disability Services
Educational Testing Service
PO Box 6054
Princeton, NJ 08541-6054 USA
Fax
1-609-771-7165
E-mail
stassd@ets.org
REGISTRATION
See “Registration Information” on pages
6–8 or go to the Test Takers section of the
TOEFL website at www.ets.org/toefl.
TEST QUESTION INQUIRIES
Mail
MS 42N-208
TOEFL Test Question Inquiries
Educational Testing Service
Rosedale Road
Princeton, NJ 08541-0001 USA
Fax
1-609-683-2600
You should notify the test administrator
of a problem or question before you
leave the test site or you may contact
ETS immediately after the test. See “Test
Question Inquiries” on page 14.
CONTACT INFORMATION
Visit the TOEFL website at
www.ets.org/toefl
for the most up-to-date information.
*American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands
GENERAL INQUIRIES
NOTE: Your scores are posted to your
online profile within 15 business days
after the test date.
TOEFL Services
Phone
1-877-863-3546―United States,
U.S. Territories*, Canada
1-609-771-7100―all other locations
Monday–Friday
8:00 a.m.–8:00 p.m. New York time
Phones are busiest all day on
Monday.
Mail
TOEFL Services
Educational Testing Service
PO Box 6151
Princeton, NJ 08541-6151 USA
Include the following: name,
address, date of birth, test date, reg-
istration number, and phone num-
ber (U.S. residents only). Allow
4 to 6 weeks for a response.
Fax
1-610-290-8972
Registration forms cannot be faxed.
Faxed correspondence will be han-
dled in the same time frame as all
other mail.
E-mail
toefl@ets.org
Include the following: name,
address, date of birth, test date,
registration number, and phone
number (U.S. residents only). Allow
approximately 3 to 5 business days
for a response.
TELEPHONE REGISTRATION USING A CREDIT/DEBIT CARD
OR E-CHECK
To schedule by phone, you need a valid credit/debit card (American
Express, Discover, JCB, MasterCard, or VISA) or a U.S.-based bank
account if you are paying by e-check. Note: Any debit/check card
branded with one of the five accepted credit card logos can be used.
▶ Regular registration closes seven days prior to the test date (not
including the day of the test).
▶ Late telephone registration closes at 5:00 p.m. local test center time
on the business day before the test.
▶ Registrations received after the regular registration deadline incur
a late fee of US$35.
▶ If you plan to test in the United States, Canada, or a U.S. Territory*
call 1-443-751-4862 or 1-800-GO-TOEFL (1-800-468-6335).
▶ If you live outside the United States and want to test at a center in
the United States, call 1-443-751-4862.
▶ For testing outside the United States, U.S. Territories*, or Canada,
call the Regional Registration Center (RRC) that services the
country in which you plan to test (see pages 16–17 for the
RRC for your area).
When you call, you will be given a registration number. Be sure to
write it down. You must bring your registration number to the
test center on test day. You will also be given a test date, reporting
time, and test center address. You should have the codes for your
designated institutions when you call. Institution codes are available
on the TOEFL website. Refer to the registration form in this Bulletin
for the information you will need when you call.
MAIL-IN REGISTRATION
You can register by mail by completing the registration form in this
Bulletin (the form is also downloadable from the TOEFL website) and
mailing it to the address on the form.
▶ Fill in all the information on the registration form. Be sure to indi-
cate two test center choices.
▶ Include a money order, personal check, or credit/debit card
information. (See “Payment Policies” on pages 7–8.)
▶ Test takers requesting nonstandard testing accommodations must
use the registration form in the testing Bulletin. They cannot
register online or by phone. See the Bulletin Supplement for Test
Takers with Disabilities for further information about requesting
testing accommodations.
▶ Mail the completed form to the address on the form or the appro-
priate RRC. Mailing instructions are on the form. The registration
form must be received at least four weeks before your earliest
test date choice.
You will be assigned a test date, time, and location based on the
information you provide on the form. If your requested date(s) cannot
be accommodated, you will be scheduled for the next available test
date unless you indicate on the form that you do not want to be
rescheduled. If you choose not to be rescheduled, your payment
will be returned to you.
You will be assigned to a test date as close as possible to your
choices. If your assigned test date does not meet your needs, contact
TOEFL Services or the appropriate RRC within 24 hours of receipt
of your registration confirmation.
If you do not receive a confirmation of your registration, you
must call the location where you mailed your registration at least
three full business days prior to the registration deadline for your
earliest test date choice.
6 \ Registration Information www.ets.org/toefl 2009–10 TOEFL iBT Bulletin
REGISTRATION INFORMATION
How to Register for the TOEFL iBT
The easiest way to register is online in the Test Takers section of the
TOEFL website. See “Online Registration” below. Test centers fill up
quickly so early registration is recommended to get your preferred
test location and date.
ONLINE REGISTRATION USING A CREDIT/DEBIT CARD
OR E-CHECK
NOTE: Please check the TOEFL website (www.ets.org/toefl) to
see if there are any restrictions on payment methods for your
location.
Test takers with credit/debit cards can register online at
www.ets.org/toefl. American Express, Discover, JCB, MasterCard,
and VISA are accepted. NOTE: Any debit/check card branded with one
of the five accepted credit card logos can be used. Test takers with
U.S. domestic bank accounts can also register and pay online with
an electronic check (e-check). There is no additional charge for
this service. ETS reserves the right to add or remove online payment
methods at its own discretion and without notice. See “Payment
Policies” on pages 7–8.
▶ Registration is open 24 hours a day.
▶ Regular registration closes seven days prior to the test date
(not including the day of the test).
▶ Late registration closes three days prior to the test date
(not including the day of the test).
▶ Registrations received after the regular registration deadline
will include a late fee of US$35.
Test dates and a list of test locations are available on the TOEFL
website. Test locations are continually being added, so be sure to
check the website and the TOEFL iBT online registration system
for the most up-to-date information.
When you register online, you will create an online profile, including
a user name and password. Your online profile is not transferable.
You will be able to return to the site to:
▶ Update personal/contact information (for example, change your
password or modify your address)
▶ View your registration
▶ Reschedule or cancel your registration
▶ Place orders for services, such as additional score reports
▶ Check status of previously placed orders
▶ View your scores
▶ Pay an outstanding balance
IMPORTANT: Be sure to return to your online profile and print
out your registration confirmation the day before the test day.
If there is a change in the test center (for example, a different
building than originally scheduled), it will be updated online in
your profile under “View Orders.”
*American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands
IMPORTANT THINGS TO KNOW WHEN REGISTERING
▶ Each test region represents a general area, not necessarily a
specific city. For example, Berlin can mean the test center is in
Berlin itself, or a radius of approximately 50 miles.
▶ Information regarding test center availability is subject to
change. The most current information regarding test centers,
dates, and other registration information is in the TOEFL iBT
online registration system at www.ets.org/toefl.
▶ When searching for a test center, consider areas beyond your
city, state, or province. Centers listed under a different area may
be closer than you think. For example, if you are searching for a
center in the New York City area, search in the Northern New
Jersey area as well.
▶ Not all test centers are open on all dates.
▶ When you select a date and general location in the online registration
system, you’ll see a list of the centers in that area. If you are look-
ing for different centers, try picking a different date.
▶ You must select your score recipients (the designated institutions
to receive your scores) by 10:00 p.m. local test time the day before
the test. If you do not select score recipients by this time, you will
be charged a fee for sending score reports. You cannot select your
score recipients at the test center. An Institution Code list is avail-
able during online registration. The Institution Code list is also
available on the TOEFL website.
▶ When registering, be sure that the spelling of your name exactly
matches the name printed on the identification document(s) you will
present at the test center. If this information does not match, you
will not be permitted to test and your test fee will be forfeited.
See “Identification Requirements” on pages 9–10.
▶ Register early; test centers fill up quickly.
▶ Take the test as soon as possible so your scores will be received in
time to be considered with your application. Score report mailing
dates for each administration are listed on the TOEFL website.
▶ Registration is not transferable. You are not allowed to let someone
else use your registration.
▶ Walk-in registration is not available for TOEFL iBT.
▶ IMPORTANT: Be sure to print your registration confirmation
when you complete your registration. You can do this by choosing
“Print and View Your Registration Confirmation” on the page with
the heading “Thank You For Your Order.” Your test date, start time,
and test center address are listed on the registration confirmation.
You should also return to your online profile the day before the test
and check your confirmation. Changes may have been made to your
registration details (for example, a different building or start time).
Test Dates and Registration
Deadlines
Test dates are available on the TOEFL website. The regular registra-
tion deadline is seven days prior to the test date (not including the
day of the test). The late registration deadline is three days prior to
the test (not including the day of the test), or one business day before
the test date if you are registering by phone. For example, if your test
date is Saturday, October 13, the deadline to register without a late fee
is Saturday, October 6. If you are registering by mail, your registra-
tion form must be received at least four weeks before your earliest test
date choice. Testing times vary; your start time will be indicated on
your registration confirmation. Return to your online profile the day
before the test to check your test center information again. Changes
may have been made; for example, a different building or start time.
REGISTRATION INFORMATION (continued)
Fees for Tests and Services
The TOEFL iBT test fee varies by country. To find out what the
fee is in your testing location, go to the TOEFL website, select
“Register for the Test,” and choose your test location.
US$35 Late registration fee
US$60 Rescheduling fee
US$20 Reinstatement of canceled iBT scores
US$17 Additional score report requests (per recipient)
US$60 TOEFL iBT Speaking or Writing section rescore
US$120 TOEFL iBT Speaking and Writing sections rescore
US$20 Fee for returned check or declined credit card
Fees are subject to change without notice. The above amounts are
exclusive of any Value-Added or similar taxes. Any applicable tax is
payable in addition to the amounts quoted.
Payment Policies
All payments for tests and services must:
▶ Be made in full
▶ Be dated within 90 days of the date of receipt at the Regional
Registration Center or ETS
▶ Have the correct numeric and written payment amount
▶ Have appropriate signature(s)
Services may be withheld for nonpayment of fees. All outstanding
balances incurred from prior ETS tests or services must be paid in
full in order to register for any future ETS test or service. If you do
not submit the correct fee, your registration form or your request
for service will be returned. Scores will not be released if a payment
is returned for any reason.
Do not send cash or demand drafts. Receipts for bank checks are
not acceptable. UNESCO coupons are not being accepted at this
time. Unless an e-check is used, the actual negotiable check must
be sent with your request for service.
PREFERRED FORMS OF PAYMENT
▶ Credit/Debit cards―American Express, Discover, JCB, MasterCard,
or VISA. Note: Any debit/check card branded with one of the five
accepted credit card logos can be used.
▶ Electronic check (e-check) drawn on a U.S.-based bank.
NOTE: Check the TOEFL website (www.ets.org/toefl) to see if
there are any restrictions on payment methods for your location.
PAYING BY ELECTRONIC CHECK (E-CHECK)
▶ Electronic checks (e-checks) may be used for online payment if
you have a bank account in the United States or its territories*.
Electronic Check Processing (ECP) directly debits your checking
or savings account for payment of goods and services.
▶ ETS offers this payment method via the Web or by telephone when
the transaction can be processed in real time. ECP transactions
will be processed in U.S. dollars against U.S. bank accounts only.
E-checks will utilize the Automated Clearing House (ACH) network.
The ACH is a process by which member financial institutions perform
clearing of electronic debits and credits when the customer’s bank
is a member, or by generating a facsimile draft when the customer’s
bank is not a participant of the ACH network. ECP transactions
will be submitted to ETS’s electronic check payment processing
vendor for validation, verification, and settlement similar to a
credit/debit card transaction.
2009–10 TOEFL iBT Bulletin www.ets.org/toefl Registration Information \ 7
*American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands
▶ Payments made in the currencies listed must be made at the
Telegraphic Transfer Selling (TTS) exchange rate of the U.S. dollar
equivalent.
▶ Refunds, if necessary, will be made in U.S. dollars.
▶ Services may be withheld for nonpayment of current fees and
unpaid previous balances.
Rescheduling or Canceling
You must reschedule or cancel your registration no later than three
full days before your test date (not including the day of the test or
the day of your request). For example, the deadline to reschedule a
Saturday test is Tuesday. If your request is not received at least three
full days in advance, your full test fee will be forfeited. Test administrators
are not authorized to make schedule changes.
To reschedule, you must provide:
▶ Your registration number
▶ The full name you used to register
The fee for rescheduling is US$60. Payment must be received prior
to rescheduling.
▶ If you are testing in the U.S., Canada, or a U.S. territory*, you can
reschedule on the TOEFL iBT online registration system or call
1-443-751-4862 or 1-800-GO-TOEFL (1-800-468-6335) to
reschedule or cancel.
▶ If you are testing outside the U.S., Canada, or a U.S. territory*,
you can reschedule on the TOEFL iBT online registration system
or call the appropriate Regional Registration Center (RRC) to
cancel or reschedule.
▶ You cannot reschedule or cancel your registration via mail or
e-mail.


,

September 03 [Thu], 2009, 1:14
TOEFL® iBT Registration Guide
Last Updated 07/02/07
How to Register for the
TOEFL® iBT Online
A Step-by-Step Tutorial
This guide will help you to navigate the online registration system. You
may print this document and use it to assist you in the process.
General Website Navigation Tips:
– Avoid using your browser’s BACK button
– Our site has multiple security measures to ensure the safety of your
information, including a time limit. To expedite the registration
process, please be prepared to provide:
• Up to four recipients you want to receive your scores
(institutions, not yourself)
• How YOU want to receive your scores (web only or web
plus a paper copy sent by mail)
• Complete payment information (credit card, voucher
number)
– Do not browse any pages outside of the test registration system
– Do not enter characters that contain accent marks (i.e., ă ç ñ ó ü)
because these are not supported by the registration system. If these
characters appear in your legal ID, however, it will not prevent you
from being admitted to the testing center
– Do not DOUBLE-CLICK any of the buttons, especially when
submitting payment
Recommendations:
– Register early ― 4 months in advance if possible, for the best
chance of reserving a seat on the date and location YOU prefer.
– Complete your profile before registering for a test. This will
allow you to complete your registration more quickly.
– Be prepared ― Use the following products to help you prepare
for test day:
• The TOEFL® iBT Sampler (free when you register and pay)
• TOEFL® Practice Online http://toeflpractice.ets.org
• The Official Guide to the new TOEFL® iBT
www.ets.org/toeflguide.html
More Questions?
Please e-mail us at toefl@
ets.org if you have any
questions not answered in
this guide.
TOEFL® iBT Registration Guide
Last Updated 07/02/07
Step 1: Login
New users click the “SignUp”
link to create your profile.
(A new user is anyone who
has not created a profile in the
TOEFL Internet-based test
(iBT) registration system, either
online or through a call service
representative).
Returning users PROCEED
TO STEP 3 in this guide.
Step 2: Create a profile
Part 1 Complete all of the
required sections highlighted
with an asterisk (*). The
information you provide will be
kept completely confidential.
TO REGISTER FOR THE TOEFL® iBT Online
FOLLOW THESE STEPS TO SAVE TIME
Note: Important
registration announcements
can be viewed here.
The spelling of your name
must exactly match the name
printed on the identification
document(s) you will present
at the center.
TOEFL® iBT Registration Guide
Last Updated 07/02/07
Step 2: Create a profile
Part 2 Provide identifying
information.
Step 2: Create a profile
Part 3 Create your user name
and password by following the
rules shown.
TOEFL® iBT Registration Guide
Last Updated 07/02/07
Step 2: Create a profile
Part 4 Challenge questions.
For security reasons, select three
challenge questions that are easy
to remember but that others do
not know.
If you forget your user name or
password, you must answer one
of these challenge questions to
verify your identity.
Step 2: Create a profile
Part 5 Confirm your profile.
A confirmation page will appear
displaying all of the information
you submitted. Be sure that the
spelling of your name exactly
matches the name printed on the
identification document(s) you
will present at the test center.
If this information does not
match, you will not be permitted
to test and your test fee will be
forfeited.
After you create your profile,
you will reach “My Home
Page” (see illustration, Step 4).
TOEFL® iBT Registration Guide
Last Updated 07/02/07
Step 3:
Log in with your user name and
password and then click “Go.”
If you forget your user name or
password, click the assistance
buttons to get your information.
(You can also access the
registration system directly from
the TOEFL home page at this
link: Log In to Your TOEFL iBT
Profile)
Step 4: Access your home
page
After you log in, you will reach
“My Home Page” where you can:
• view your order to find the
address and reporting time of
the test center where you are
registered to test
• register for a test
• order score report services
• view past scores and orders
• update the information in
your profile
TOEFL® iBT Registration Guide
Last Updated 07/02/07
Step 5:
Under “My Tests,” click the
“Register for a Test/Order
Score Reports” link.
Step 6:
To register, click “TOEFL Test”
and then the “Continue” button.
If you want to purchase more
score reports (those in addition
to the four FREE score reports
you get when you register for a
test), select “TOEFL Services.”
TOEFL® iBT Registration Guide
Last Updated 07/02/07
Step 7:
Read the overview page
carefully. To continue, click the
“I Agree” button located at the
bottom of the page under the
Policy Agreement Statement.
Step 8: Select a Test Center
Location
Each test location represents
a general area, not necessarily
a specific city. For example,
Berlin can mean Berlin itself, or
within approximately a 50-mile
radius.
When searching for a test center,
consider areas beyond your
city, state or province. Centers
listed under a different area may
be closer than you think. For
example, if you are searching
for a city in the New York City
area, search in the Northern
New Jersey area as well.
Step 9: Select Test Dates
View the available test dates/
test centers by selecting a date
range (60 days maximum) in the
“Start” and “End” date boxes.
Then, click the “Search” button.
Step 10:
Select a preferred test center by
clicking on its link.
If you are looking for different
centers, try picking a different date.
TOEFL® iBT Registration Guide
Last Updated 07/02/07
Step 11: Confirm your
registration
A Reservation Summary page
appears. If the information is
correct, click the “Continue”
button. If incorrect, click the
“Cancel” button to perform
another search.
NOTE: Your reservation is not
confirmed until you pay for
the test.
Step 12: Select your score
recipients
Part 1
You will automatically receive
a free score report for your
records. Additionally, you may
designate up to four institutions
to receive your score reports,
free of charge. It is best to enter
your selection now; you cannot
select your score recipients at
the test center.
Free score recipient selections
or changes will be accepted
no later than 10 p.m. (local test
center time) the day before
your test. After that, a charge
will be imposed.
Note the instructions for
searching score recipients and
this example of a search.
Select from the list.
You will have a maximum
of 20 minutes to complete
Steps 11 through 17.
TOEFL® iBT Registration Guide
Last Updated 07/02/07
Step 12: Select your score
recipients
Part 2
Verify your selected recipient
and select, if applicable, a
department. Then you can
either choose to “add another
recipient” or “continue” with the
registration process.
Step 13: Score Reporting
Preferences
Choose how you want to
receive your scores and click
“Continue.”
Step 14: Answer demographic
questions
Answers to these questions
are voluntary and remain
anonymous. They are used for
research purposes only and the
information will help us better
serve TOEFL test takers and
score users.
TOEFL® iBT Registration Guide
Last Updated 07/02/07 0
Step 15: Confirm your order
Review your registration
information for accuracy, and
click the “Confirm Order” button.
To change any information,
click the “Modify” link.
To cancel your registration,
click the “Cancel” button.
Step 16: Make your payment
Choose your payment method
and click the “Continue” button.
TOEFL® iBT Registration Guide
Last Updated 07/02/07
Step 17a: Credit card payment
To make a credit card payment,
fill in all *required information.
Note: JCB credit cards do not
use a secure credit ID number.
After you submit your credit
card information, a screen will
appear showing that your order
has been paid.
TOEFL® iBT Registration Guide
Last Updated 07/02/07
Step 17b: Voucher payment
If you purchased or were
provided with a voucher, enter
the voucher number.
Step 17c: Electronic check
payment
Enter the *required information
to pay by electronic check.
TOEFL® iBT Registration Guide
Last Updated 07/02/07
Step 18: Payment confirmation
If the payment transaction was a
success, this screen appears.
Don’t forget to:
• Access the free TOEFL iBT
Sampler
• Use the practice tests on
TOEFL Practice Online
• Print your order receipt if
you want confirmation of
payment.
• The registration confirmation
contains the time the test
will be given and the exact
test center address. Print out
your registration confirmation
and bring it with you when
you test. To e-mail your
confirmation, click the
“E‐mail” link. A confirmation
will NOT be automatically
e-mailed to you.
TOEFL® iBT Registration Guide
Last Updated 07/02/07
View Your Order
From the “Thank You For Your
Order” page (Step 18), click
the “View Order” link to make
sure your recent transaction was
captured. Your registration is
now complete.
CONTACT US
For questions about registration, test centers, score reports or the test itself:
E-mail:
toefl@ets.org
Phone:
1-877-863-3546 ― United States, U.S. Territories*, Canada
1-609-771-7100 ― All other locations
Monday – Friday
8 a.m. – 8 p.m. New York time.
TEST TAKERS WITH DISABILITIES
1-866-387-8602 ― United States, U.S. Territories*, Canada
1-609-771-7780 ― all other locations
Teletypewriter (TTY) Number: 1-609-771-7714
Monday–Friday
8:30 a.m. – 5 p.m. New York time
Phones are busiest on Monday.
*Includes: American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands.
Fax:
1-610-290-8972
Mail:
TOEFL Services
Educational Testing Service
P.O. Box 6151
Princeton, NJ 08541-6151, USA
Courier or Delivery Service:
TOEFL Services (25Q-310)
Distribution and Receiving Center
225 Phillips Boulevard
Ewing, NJ 08628-7435, USA
Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved. ETS, the ETS logo and TOEFL are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS)
in the United States of America and other countries throughout the world. 4677

,

September 03 [Thu], 2009, 1:12
Test Fee Refunds
If you cancel your registration by the 3-day advance deadline,
you will receive a refund equivalent to half of the original test fee.
The remainder of your payment will be retained to cover expenses
for processing your registration and holding space at the test cen-
ter. Refunds will be in U.S. dollars. Cash refunds are not available.
Refunds will not be given if you do not follow proper registration
procedures or fail to present the required identification documents
at the test center.
PAYMENTS BY CREDIT/DEBIT CARD OR E-CHECK
▶ A refund will be processed automatically and be credited back to
the original credit/debit card or bank account.
PAYMENTS BY CHECK
▶ Refunds are processed automatically.
▶ If original payment was drawn on a U.S. domestic bank, allow
eight weeks after your cancellation for your refund to be processed.
▶ If original payment was made in non-U.S. funds drawn on a bank
outside the United States, allow 12 weeks for your refund to be
processed.
▶ To complete this type of payment, you must provide the basic bank
account information located at the bottom of the check: bank
account number, bank (or American Banking Association) routing
and transit number, and check number. Please be aware that your
bank account may be debited the same day we receive your request
and that you will not receive a canceled check.
▶ When e-check is selected as the method of payment, you
authorize ETS to deduct the stated fees from your checking
or savings account, as provided by you. In doing so, you also
understand that the authorization remains in full force and
effect until ETS receives notification from you in such time
and such manner as to afford ETS and the financial institution
opportunity to act on it.
OTHER ACCEPTABLE FORMS OF PAYMENT
▶ Check
▶ Money order
▶ Euro checks drawn on a bank in the same European country
as the currency
PAYING BY CHECK OR MONEY ORDER
▶ Post-dated checks are not acceptable.
▶ Check date cannot be over 90 days old when received by ETS.
▶ Checks and money orders in U.S. dollars must be drawn on a
bank in the U.S. and made payable to “ETS-TOEFL iBT.”
▶ Euro checks should be drawn on a bank in the same country as
the person writing the check. For example, a Euro check written
by a German resident must be drawn on a bank in Germany.
If paying by personal check, please comply with the following:
▶ Bank name and its address should be preprinted on the face of the
check.
▶ Check must have a preprinted check number.
▶ Check must include Test Taker or Payee name and address.
▶ Checks missing the preprinted name and address and checks with
typewritten names in place of signatures are not acceptable.
▶ Checks and money orders payable in one of the acceptable
currencies listed must be drawn on a bank in the same country
as the currency. For example, a check written in Australian
dollars must be drawn on a bank in Australia.
▶ Checks in Canadian dollars must be drawn on a bank in Canada
at the prevailing rate of the U.S. dollar plus GST/HST/QST.
ACCEPTABLE CURRENCIES
You must submit payment in U.S. dollars, by credit/debit card, or
by using one of the acceptable currencies. Payments submitted in
currencies other than those listed will not be accepted and will
be returned to you.
Because of conversion to the Euro and changes in banking
policies, ETS cannot accept payment in certain currencies. Payments
at the prevailing rate of the U.S. dollar may be remitted in the
following currencies only:
Australian Dollar Euro Norwegian Kroner
British Pound Hong Kong Dollar Singapore Dollar
Canadian Dollar Japanese Yen Swedish Kroner
Danish Kroner New Zealand Dollar Swiss Franc
8 \ Registration Information www.ets.org/toefl 2009–10 TOEFL iBT Bulletin
*American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and U.S. Virgin Islands
REGISTRATION INFORMATION (continued)
spelling of your name. Refunds or free rescheduling due to such
discrepancies will not be allowed.
At the Test Center
▶ Only misspellings of your name can be corrected at the test
center―NAME CHANGES WILL NOT BE MADE. If your name
has changed for any reason, including marriage, you still must
present primary identification in the name under which you reg-
istered, or you will not be permitted to test. Marriage certificates
and divorce decrees cannot be used to confirm name differences.
Please do not bring these documents to the test center.
▶ If the first name on your primary ID document contains only a
first initial, a supplemental ID containing your entire first name
must be presented.
▶ If your ID does not contain your signature, either sign your ID
document or present a supplemental ID that includes your
signature.
▶ If the test administrator questions the ID document you present,
you will be required to provide a second proof of identity. If posi-
tive confirmation cannot be made, you may be refused admission
to the test center and you will forfeit your test fees.
▶ The test administrator will check your ID before assigning you a
seat at the test center and you may be asked to sign the test cen-
ter log. The test administrator will check your signature and pho-
tograph to verify that you are the person in your ID document(s).
This procedure will be repeated before and after all breaks.
▶ Admittance to the test center does not imply that your form
of identification is valid or that your scores will be reported.
All reported cases of questionable ID are subject to review and
approval by the ETS Office of Testing Integrity either during or
after the test administration. ETS reserves the right to withhold
and/or cancel scores in the event the ID requirements set forth
herein are not met.
▶ Test centers are not required to hold your seat if you leave the
center to obtain acceptable identification.
ACCEPTABLE PRIMARY ID DOCUMENTS
Testing in Your Country of Citizenship
Only one form of primary ID is needed if your primary ID document
contains your photograph and signature. Acceptable primary ID
documents are:
▶ Passport with photograph and signature
▶ Valid driver’s license with photograph and signature
▶ State or Province ID issued by the motor vehicle agency with
photograph and signature
▶ National ID with photograph and signature
▶ Military ID with photograph and signature
If the test administrator has any concerns about the primary ID doc-
ument, you will be required to present an acceptable supplemental
ID. See “Acceptable Supplemental ID Documents” below.
Testing Outside Your Country of Citizenship
▶ You must present a valid passport with photograph and signature
as your primary ID document. (Citizens of European Union and
Schengen Zone countries, see below.) If you do not meet this
requirement, you may not be permitted to test.
▶ U.S. military personnel may present their U.S. military ID cards.
If a military ID card does not contain a photograph and signature,
a supplemental ID is required. See “Acceptable Supplemental ID
Documents” following.
What to Bring to the Test Center
▶ The acceptable and valid identification document(s), with a
signature and photograph, that you specified when you registered
to test. Your ID will be checked before you are admitted. The
name you give when you register must match the name on the
identification document(s) you present at the test center. See
“Identification Requirements” below.
▶ Your primary ID must match your registration confirmation
document exactly.
▶ Your registration number. You will get this when you register.
You will not receive an admission ticket. Return to your online
profile and print out your registration confirmation the day before
the test day. If there is a change in the test center (for
example, the test may be given in a different building or at a
different start time than originally scheduled), it will be updated
in your online profile. To access your confirmation information,
log on to your profile and select View Order(s), Registration
Confirmation, Print.
Identification (ID) Requirements
The identification (ID) requirements in this section must be read by
all test takers. It is your responsibility to ensure that your ID docu-
ments are up-to-date and available on the day of the test.
NOTE: Your ID requirements depend on your country of citizenship
and where you plan to test. Please read the specific information
below for acceptable primary and supplemental ID documents.
▶ You must have acceptable and valid ID with your signature and
photograph to be admitted to a test center. ID requirements are
strictly enforced.
▶ Your primary ID must match your registration confirmation
document exactly.
▶ It is your responsibility to read and understand the ID require-
ments. It is not the responsibility of the test or registration
center to relay these policies to you.
▶ The photograph on your ID document must be recent and
recognizable.
▶ The ID must be current (not expired).
▶ All documents must be originals; copies are not acceptable.
▶ If you arrive at the test center without the required ID, you will
not be permitted to test and you will forfeit your test fees.
When You Register
▶ You must use the exact name and spelling of that name as shown
on the primary ID document that you will present at the test
center. If the name shown on your primary ID does not match the
name on your registration record, you will not be permitted to test
and a refund will not be issued. You will have to register again and
pay another test fee.
▶ Be sure to provide your entire first name (given name) and your
entire last name (family name). Do not register under a nickname.
If your ID document contains two last names, enter the names
exactly as they appear on your ID. If you register by phone, please
make sure you are registered under your complete name as it
appears on your ID.
▶ When applying to a college or university, use the same name and
spelling of your name on your application. It is your responsibility
to ensure that there are no discrepancies in your name or the
2009–10 TOEFL iBT Bulletin www.ets.org/toefl On the Test Day \ 9
ON THE TEST DAY
▶ Any photocopied document
You must contact the ETS Office of Testing Integrity before you
register if you:
▶ Have been granted political asylum
▶ Have been granted refugee status
▶ Cannot meet the specified ID requirements
▶ Have questions about ID
Phone: 1-609-406-5430
Fax: 1-609-406-9709
E-mail: TSReturns@ets.org
If you do not contact the ETS Office of Testing Integrity before reg-
istering and are not permitted to test, you will forfeit your test fees.
Test Center Procedures
and Regulations
GENERAL GUIDELINES
▶ Test center administrators will not honor requests for schedule
changes.
▶ Dress so that you can adapt to any room temperature.
▶ Friends or relatives who accompany you to the test center are not
allowed to wait in the test center or be in contact with you while
you take the test. Except for ETS-authorized observers, visitors
are not allowed in the testing room while testing is in progress.
The following procedures and regulations apply during the entire test
session, which begins at sign-in, ends at sign-out, and includes breaks:
▶ You will be required to write (not print) and sign a confidentiality
statement at the test center. If you do not complete and sign the
statement, you cannot test and your fees will NOT be refunded.
▶ Your picture will be taken and displayed at your testing station and
on your score report. Be sure the correct photograph is displayed
on your assigned testing station.
▶ You must answer at least one question in each Reading and
Listening section, write at least one essay, and complete at
least one Speaking task every time you take the test to receive
an official score report.
▶ A booklet of scratch paper and a pencil are provided for you to use
during the test. Scratch paper is not to be used before the test or
during breaks. All scratch paper must be returned to the test center
administrator at the end of the testing session.
▶ If at any time during the test you have a problem with your
computer, or need assistance for any reason, raise your hand.
▶ Testing premises are subject to videotaping.
VERIFYING YOUR ID
You must present valid and acceptable identification documents.
See “Identification Requirements” on pages 9–10 for acceptable
identification documents. Identification verification at the test
center may also include:
▶ Thumb printing
▶ Photographing/videotaping
▶ Signature comparison
▶ Other forms of electronic ID confirmation
If you refuse to present ID or have your ID verified, you will not be
permitted to test and you will forfeit your test fee.
10 \ On the Test Day www.ets.org/toefl 2009–10 TOEFL iBT Bulletin
▶ Diplomatic and embassy ID cards cannot be used as primary
identification in place of a passport.
▶ If your passport is not written in English-language letters, you
must also present a supplemental ID that contains a recent,
recognizable photo and is in English.
The following documents are also acceptable for admission but must
be accompanied by a supplemental ID that contains your photo-
graph. See “Acceptable Supplemental ID Documents” on this page.
▶ Permanent Resident Card/Resident Alien Card (Form I-551 or
I-151)
▶ Temporary Resident Card (Form I-688)
▶ Employment Authorization Card (Form I-688A, I-688B, or I-766)
▶ Mexican Border Crosser Card (This form of ID may be accepted
only at test centers within 25 miles of the Mexican border.)
Testing in Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan
You MUST present a valid passport with a photograph and signature
as your primary ID document. There are no exceptions to this policy.
Testing in European Union/Schengen Zone Countries
If you are testing in a European Union or Schengen Zone country
other than the one where you reside, you can use your valid national
or European identity card if you have one. The card must contain a
recent, recognizable photo; your date of birth and your signature.
▶ If your ID is not written in English-language letters and the test
administrator cannot read the language in which it is written, you
may not be permitted to test.
ACCEPTABLE SUPPLEMENTAL ID DOCUMENTS
If your primary ID is missing your photo or signature, you must
present one of the following supplemental IDs in addition to your
primary ID. The supplemental ID must contain a recent, recogniz-
able photo and your signature, and it cannot be expired.
▶ Government-issued ID (including but not limited to passport,
driver’s license, state/province ID card, national ID, or military ID).
There are some exceptions; see “Unacceptable ID Documents”
below.
▶ Student ID
▶ Confirmation of identity letter from your educational institution.
The letter must contain your name; date of birth; a recent,
recognizable photo; your signature; the name of your school and
the date issued. It must be typed on the original letterhead of the
educational institution you attend(ed), and the signature of the
school official and the school seal must overlap your photo. A
letter of identity is valid for only one year from the date of issue.
UNACCEPTABLE ID DOCUMENTS
▶ Any expired ID
▶ International driver’s license
▶ Draft classification card
▶ International student ID
▶ Credit/debit card of any kind
▶ Notary-prepared letter or document
▶ Social Security card
▶ Employee ID card
▶ Learner’s permit or any temporary ID (for example, a temporary
driver’s license)
▶ Birth certificate
ON THE TEST DAY (continued)
PERSONAL ITEMS
Personal items other than identification documents are not allowed
in the testing room. This includes cell phones, PDAs, BlackBerry®
devices, and any other electronic or photographic devices. You will
not have access to your personal items during the test or during
breaks. Before the test, you will receive instructions from test center
staff regarding where you must deposit personal items. You will be
required to follow the procedures set by the test center for storage of
your cell phone or any electronic or photographic device you bring
to the test center. If you take personal items into the test room, they
will be collected by the test center staff. If you fail to follow the direc-
tions of the test center staff, you will not be permitted to take the
test. Any violation of this procedure during the test or breaks may
result in cancellation of your scores, dismissal by the test center staff,
or banning from future testing. Test centers and ETS assume no
responsibility for personal items or devices that you choose to bring
into the test center.
SEATING
The test administrator will assign you a seat.
TIMING
▶ The maximum time allotted for untimed sections before the test
is 30 minutes. The purpose of untimed sections before the test
is to become familiar with important information that will make
your Internet-based testing experience as user-friendly as possible.
The time you spend on untimed sections should not be used for
any other purpose. Infractions will be reported to ETS, and the
test administrator is authorized to dismiss you from the test center
if you fail to follow the test administrator’s directions.
▶ The Reading or Listening section of a test may include some extra
questions. However, the available testing time for the entire test is
the same for everyone.
▶ You may pace yourself with your own watch, but the computer is
the official timekeeper.
▶ Watch alarms and cell phone clocks may not be used to track
your time.
▶ You will not be permitted to continue the test or any part of it
beyond the established time limit.
TAKING A BREAK, LEAVING YOUR SEAT
▶ There is a mandatory 10-minute break midway through the test-
ing session. If you exceed the time allotted, you may be dismissed
or your score may be canceled. You may not leave the test center
vicinity during the break.
▶ To leave your seat at any time other than the break, raise your
hand. Timing of the test section will not stop. If you must leave
the testing room, you are required to show the administrator your
identification document(s) before you leave the room and when
you return.

,

September 03 [Thu], 2009, 1:10
www.ets.org/toefl
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How to prepare
for the TOEFL iBT.
TOEFL
®
iBT Tips
For the latest information about the TOEFL iBT or to sign up
for our mailing list to receive updates, visit www.ets.org/toefl .

Contacts for Test Takers and Parents:
Write to: toefl @ets.org
Call: +001-609-771-7100 (Outside of the United States, U.S. Territories and Canada)
Call: Toll Free 1-877-863-3546 (Inside the United States, U.S. Territories and Canada)

Contacts for Teachers and Institutions:
Write to: toefl news@ets.org
Call: 1-609-683-2008
TOEFL iBT Tips
TOEFL® iBT Tips
TOEFL iBT Tips―from ETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Open More Doors with TOEFL® iBT, the Key to Academic Success . . . 4
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
The TOEFL® Test―The Key to Academic Success . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
TOEFL Scores Open More Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
The New TOEFL iBT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
What’s New About the TOEFL iBT? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Why Were Changes Made to the TOEFL Test? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
About the TOEFL iBT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Format . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Question Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Toolbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
A. TOEFL iBT Reading Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Academic Reading Skills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
What is Different? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
B. TOEFL iBT Listening Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Academic Listening Skills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
What is Different? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
C. TOEFL iBT Speaking Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Academic Speaking Skills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Speaking Task Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Independent Speaking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Integrated Speaking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
What is Different? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
D. TOEFL iBT Writing Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Academic Writing Skills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Writing Task Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Integrated Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Independent Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Contents continued on next page.
TOEFL iBT Tips
What is Different? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
About Test Scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
A. Score Scales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
B. Rating of Speaking and Writing Responses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Speaking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
C. Score Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
D. Score Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
General Skill-building Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
A. Reading Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
B. Listening Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
C. Speaking Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
D. Writing Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Test Preparation Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Step 1: View all the Test Materials to See What the Test is Like. . . . . . 35
Step 2: Take an Online Practice Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Step 3: Practice More on Your Weakest Skills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Step 4: Use Proven Test-Taking Strategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Register for the New TOEFL iBT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Step 1: Get a Copy of the Information and Registration Bulletin . . . . . 40
Step 2: Check the TOEFL Website for the List of Test Centers . . . . . . . 40
Step 3: Register . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Questions Frequently Asked by Test Takers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Rollout . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Test Delivery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Test Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Test Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Test Preparation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Appendix. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Rubrics for Speaking Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Rubrics for Writing Section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Score Comparisons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Speaking Score Comparisons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Total Score Comparisons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Score Comparisons for Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
TOEFL iBT Tips
Score Comparisons for Listening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Score Comparisons for Writing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Converting Rubric Scores to Scaled Scores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Percentile Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Standard Error of Measurement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Contacting ETS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Performance Feedback for Test Takers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
TOEFL iBT Tips4 TOEFL iBT Tips
TOEFL® iBT Tips―from ETS
Open More Doors with TOEFL® iBT, the Key to Academic Success
ETS (Educational Testing Service), created this publication. ETS is the nonprofi t educational
organization in Princeton, New Jersey, USA, that develops and administers the TOEFL® test.
TOEFL® iBT Tips is designed to help English-language learners understand and prepare for
the TOEFL® Internet-based test (TOEFL® iBT). As learners prepare for the test, they also
build the skills required for academic success. TOEFL iBT Tips also supports ESL/EFL
instructors and educational advisors as they help students with test preparation.
TOEFL iBT Tips does not replace the Information and Registration Bulletin for TOEFL
Internet-based testing, which contains information test takers need to register for the test. To
download the Bulletin, visit the TOEFL website at www.ets.org/toefl or write to TOEFL
Services, PO Box 6151, Princeton, NJ, 08541, USA, to receive a copy.
To receive updates, special offers, and discounts on test preparation materials, sign up for
the TOEFL mailing list on the TOEFL website at www.ets.org/toefl .
Introduction
The TOEFL Test―The Key to Academic Success
Undergraduate, graduate, and postgraduate programs around the world require students to
demonstrate their ability to communicate in English as an entrance requirement.
The TOEFL test gives students the opportunity to prove they can communicate ideas effectively
by simulating university classroom and student life communication. The language used in
the test refl ects real-life English-language usage in university lectures, classes, and
laboratories. It is the same language professors use when they discuss coursework or
concepts with students. It is the language students use in study groups and everyday
university situations, such as buying books at the bookstore. The reading passages are from
real textbooks and course materials.
TOEFL Scores Open More Doors
The TOEFL test measures how well students use English, not just their knowledge of the
language. Because it is a valid and reliable test with unbiased, objective scoring, the TOEFL
test confi rms that a student has the English language skills necessary to succeed in an
academic setting. That’s why it has become the most popular and accessible English-
language test in the world. It has been administered more than 20 million times since 1964,
and is available in more than 180 countries. It is also the most accepted test in the world.
More than 6,000 colleges, universities, and agencies in 110 countries accept TOEFL scores.
That means that students have the fl exibility to use their TOEFL test scores worldwide.
The New TOEFL iBT
First introduced in 2005, TOEFL iBT is being gradually introduced throughout the world.
The paper-based test continues to be offered to supplement the TOEFL iBT test center
network and in countries where the TOEFL iBT is not yet available. To view a list of TOEFL
test center locations, visit the TOEFL website at www.ets.org/toefl .
TOEFL iBT Tips Introduction 5
I
n
t
r
o
d
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c
t
i
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What’s New About the TOEFL iBT?
It tests all four language skills that effective communication requires: Reading,
Listening, Speaking, and Writing. It emphasizes and measures English usage and
communication ability in academic settings.
A Speaking section has been added. This section includes six tasks that require test
takers to wear headphones and speak into a microphone when they respond. The
responses are digitally recorded and sent to ETS’s Online Scoring Network. To ensure
maximum objectivity and reliability, three to six certifi ed ETS raters evaluate the
responses on a scale of 0 to 4. The average rating is then converted to a scaled score of
0 to 30. Raters are constantly monitored every time they score a test to ensure the
highest accuracy and quality control possible.
The Writing section has been expanded. The new test requires test takers to write a
response to material they have heard and read. In addition, test takers must compose
an essay in support of an opinion. Test takers’ typed responses to the writing tasks are
sent to ETS’s Online Scoring Network where two to four raters evaluate the responses
on a scale of 0 to 5. The average rating is converted to a scaled score of 0 to 30.
Some questions require the test taker to use more than one English-language
skill and combine or integrate information from more than one source, the same way
students use English language every day in the classroom. For example, sometimes test
takers read a passage, listen to a short lecture about a topic, and then provide a written
or spoken response. TOEFL iBT helps test takers prove they can combine their English-
language skills to communicate ideas effectively. This ability is the key to academic success.
Note taking is allowed. Test takers can take notes on any section of the test the same
way they would in a real college class. Test takers can use the notes when answering
test questions. The notes are collected and destroyed before the test takers leave the
test center.
The new test takes about four hours. Test takers complete all four sections of the test
in one day, eliminating the need to travel to the test center twice.
It is delivered on computer via the Internet at secure test centers around the world.
The new scores help explain a test taker’s English-language skill level. ETS
provides comprehensive scoring information, including four skill-section scores and a
total score. Performance feedback for each skill and level are available on page 56 of
this publication and the TOEFL website at www.ets.org/toefl . This feedback helps
explain what the new scores mean. Test takers also receive performance feedback on
their score reports to support English-language learning. The feedback describes test
takers’ language profi ciency levels and contains advice on how they can improve their
language skills in the future.
Scores are now reported online. Test takers can view their scores online 15 business
days after the test. They can also choose to receive a copy of their score report by mail.
Colleges, universities, and agencies can go online to view the scores of those students
who selected them as a score recipient. They also continue to receive scores in paper
and electronic formats.
Why Were Changes Made to the TOEFL Test?
To assess the ability to communicate successfully in an academic setting. The new
test helps test takers determine their academic readiness. It also helps institutions
identify and select students with the English-communication skills required to succeed.
To simulate university communication. The new integrated tasks, which require
more than one language skill to complete, refl ect the way language is used on campus
every day―from the classroom to the bookstore. By simply preparing for the new
TOEFL test, students will build the skills they need for academic success.

,

August 23 [Sat], 2008, 16:35
我期待有人朋友誰可以講韓語,或中文,或,意大利語,或印度,或希臘或和誰是能翻譯一些英語句子,以這些語言。我想翻譯我的網站,以這些語言!請?助我!我想提出一些其他網站,如果有人誰是能講多種語言,請發表評論,下面!
申請研究生院,我主要是經濟學izuuzi檢?出這個網站!國際電腦音樂協會! icma音樂即將推出的....更多關於我的?稱伊豆我很困,我無法更新我的個人資料,和我的Blog ,我soooo?睡的利益,唱片業其實沒有,但我所做的版權,因為我是一個藝術家,版權所有( C ) 2006年izuuzi ,保留所有權利。我想我的音樂之一,我的愛好,我發現一個網站,讓我介紹我的音樂到iTunes (手段,遍布世界各地, ) ,所以我決定創建我自己的網站,也是MySpace上的音樂網站! !介紹我的音樂。請檢?iTunes音樂商店,使我的音樂,將會有soonnnn ! hollahh
我愛和平。我?對熱愛和平。
我規劃到研究生院遲早的事,所以我這樣做除了音樂是學習考試。學習一些新的vocabs ,我愛學習語文, (新語文)和我愛讀的書籍。我的利益,野戰醫療法,經濟學,數學,哲學,心理學,物理學等,等


網站http://homepage.mac.com/octavo8/izuuzi/旅行的地方我愛床地方,我一直在英國,法國,西班牙,意大利,m國,日本,台灣,夏威夷,希臘, hangury , czchzech ,斯洛伐克,波蘭,俄羅斯,奧地利,丹麥,荷蘭,和更多的等我從前住在華沙的美國學校的華沙加州大學洛杉磯分校我已經向加州大學洛杉磯分校暑期學校, uclamy主要是經濟學,我研究了國際金融,國際貿易。地方看到我死之前,空間,研究生院的夢想巴哈馬度假風格,我店香格里拉的品牌我愛lesportsac ,古馳,我喜歡穿牛仔?,帽子不能活在沒有糖果電影最喜愛的電影法律金發,甜首頁阿拉巴馬州,矩陣,蝙蝠侠, 007最喜愛的專輯矩陣電影引號我?所有的時間人生就像一盒巧克力,等回家電影,我可以觀賞並超過e.t.電視喜愛的節目的MTV ,電力自賣自誇女孩最上?的權力,顯示自賣自誇女孩顯示i秘密觀賞權力,自賣自誇女孩的視頻遊戲我玩廣場enix ,為Super Mario兄弟最喜愛的音樂王國之心音樂最喜愛的藝術家,蕭邦,柴可夫斯基,貝多芬,巴赫,莫扎特,瑪麗亞凱莉,席琳狄翁,克里斯蒂娜,潔西?辛普森,?! NK細胞,阿珊提,珍?佛洛佩茲,艾莉西亞凱斯,惠特尼休斯頓,珍?傑克遜和更等最喜愛的遊戲類型http://www.billboard.com/bbcom/index.jsp歌劇,芭蕾舞劇,舞蹈,?哈,?務,搖滾,流行,技術等喜愛的歌曲,使之發生,英雄,任何時候?需要一個朋友,音樂盒,美麗,誰知道,與?有罪高興http://www.mtv 。 com上/書籍最喜愛的書籍盛行,經濟學家,?理和巧克力工廠,巫婆, repose的角度來看,等食物最喜愛的一道菜麥當勞,?蒂最喜愛的菜?意大利語,中文,台語,越南語,西班牙語,法語最喜愛的甜品,冰淇淋最喜愛的飲料可口可樂,芬達,冰最喜歡的??食品?迪的最佳膳食以往任何時候都魚類和芯片我原來的食譜cokie &芯片性別:女博客: izuuzi關於我愛音樂,愛淨衝浪,愛狗講法語,西班牙語,俄語,中國音樂未來很快… … 。

March 31 [Mon], 2008, 22:04
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myspace

?

May 27 [Sun], 2007, 21:26
Air, Al Green, Amina, Anna Oxygen, Antony and the Johnsons, Aretha Franklin, Belle and Sebastian, Cat Power, CocoRosie, Cocteau Twins, Etta James, Fiona Apple, The Fire Theft, Godspeed You! Black Emperor, His Name Is Alive, The Innocence Mission, Iron and Wine, Jeremy Enigk, Leonard Cohen, Nicolai Dunger, Over the Rhine, Radiohead, Ratatat, Regina Spektor, Rosie Thomas, Shudder to Think, Sigur Ros, Smoosh, Stevie Wonder, Sufjan Stevens, Woven Hand.
Movies Adam's Rib, Amelie, American Beauty, Benny and Joon, Black Cat White Cat, Bringing Up Baby, La cage aux folles, Charade, The Decalogue, A Fish Called Wanda, Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, Garden State, The Godfather, Goodbye Lenin, Guinevere, Harold and Maude, High Art, In America, Innocence, Ivan the Terrible Switches Careers, Kolya, Lost in Translation, Ma vie en rose, Mad Hot Ballroom, Man of Marble, Mulholland Drive, No Man's Land, Paradise Now, The Philadelphia Story, Priscilla Queen of the Desert, Roman Holiday, The Royal Tenenbaums, Shopgirl, Skrtek, Some Like It Hot, The Thin Man, Things You Can Tell Just By Looking at Her, The Time of the Gypsies, Valentin.
TV Arrested Development, The Colbert Report, The Daily Show, Degrassi, Grey's Anatomy, The L Word, My So-Called Life, The O.C., Seinfeld, The Simpsons, Six Feet Under, The Sopranos, Wonderfalls, that show on the Food Network where Anthony Bourdain tours the world (because like all the Greats, he's a Vassar dropout).

Guilty pleasures, okay?

Test-Taking Strategies for the General Test

May 14 [Mon], 2007, 3:05

Computer-Based General Test Content and Structure

The computer-based General Test has three sections.

In addition, one unidentified pretest section may be included, and this section can appear in any position in the test after the analytical writing section. Questions in the pretest section are being tested for possible use in future tests, and answers will not count toward your scores.

An identified research section that is not scored may also be included, and this section would always appear in the final section of the test. Questions in the research section are included for the purpose of ETS research, and answers will not count toward your scores.

Total testing time is up to three hours, not including the research section. The directions at the beginning of each section specify the total number of questions in the section and the time allowed for the section.

The analytical writing section is always first. For the Issue task, two topics will be presented and you will choose one. The Argument task does not present a choice of topics; instead, one topic will be presented.

The verbal and quantitative sections may appear in any order, including an unidentified verbal or quantitative pretest section. Treat each section presented during your test as if it counts.

Typical Computer-Based GRE(R) General Test

Section

Number of Questions

Time

Analytical Writing 1 Issue Task* 45 minutes
Analytical Writing 1 Argument Task* 30 minutes
Verbal 30 30 minutes
Quantitative 28 45 minutes
Pretest** Varies Varies
Research*** Varies Varies
* For the Issue task, two essay topics are presented and you choose one. The Argument task does not present a choice of topics; instead one topic is presented.
** An unidentified verbal or quantitative pretest section may be included and may appear in any order after the analytical writing section. It is not counted as part of your score.
*** An identified research section that is not scored may be included, and it is always at the end of the test.

Paper-Based General Test Content and Structure

The paper-based GRE General Test contains five sections.

In addition, one unidentified pretest section may be included, and this section can appear in any position in the test after the analytical writing section. Questions in the pretest section are being tested for possible use in future tests, and answers will not count toward your scores.

Total testing time is up to 3 3/4 hours. The directions at the beginning of each section specify the total number of questions in the section and the time allowed for the section.

The analytical writing section is always first. For the Issue task, two topics will be presented and you will choose one. The Argument task does not present a choice of topics; instead one topic will be presented.

The verbal and quantitative sections may appear in any order, including an unidentified verbal or quantitative pretest section. Treat each section presented during your test as if it counts.

Typical Paper-Based General Test

Section

Number of Questions

Time

Analytical Writing 1 Issue Task* 45 minutes
Analytical Writing 1 Argument Task* 30 minutes
Verbal (2 sections) 38 per section 30 minutes per section
Quantitative (2 sections) 30 per section 30 minutes per section
Pretest** Varies 30 minutes
*For the Issue task, two essay topics will be presented and you will choose one. The Argument task does not present a choice of topics; instead, one topic will be presented.
** An unidentified verbal or quantitative pretest section may be included and may appear in any order after the analytical writing section. It is not counted as part of your score.

Modified Versions of Verbal and Quantitative Questions

The test you take may include questions that are modified versions of published questions or of questions you have already seen on an earlier section of the test. Some modifications are substantial; others are less apparent.

Thus, even if a question appears to be similar to a question you have already seen, it may in fact be a different question and may also have a different correct answer. You can be assured of doing your best on the test you take by paying careful attention to the wording of each question as it appears in your test.

The GRE Program is currently investigating the feasibility of reusing questions that have been published in GRE practice materials. As part of that investigation, you may see questions from these materials on a test you take.

Test-Taking Strategies for the General Test

May 14 [Mon], 2007, 3:04

The GRE(R) General Test measures verbal reasoning, quantitative reasoning, critical thinking, and analytical writing skills that have been acquired over a long period of time and that are not related to any specific field of study.

Verbal Reasoning ― The skills measured include the test taker's ability to

analyze and evaluate written material and synthesize information obtained from it
analyze relationships among component parts of sentences
recognize relationships between words and concepts.
Quantitative Reasoning ― The skills measured include the test taker's ability to

understand basic concepts of arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and data analysis
reason quantitatively
solve problems in a quantitative setting.
Analytical Writing ― The skills measured include the test taker's ability to

articulate complex ideas clearly and effectively
examine claims and accompanying evidence
support ideas with relevant reasons and examples
sustain a well-focused, coherent discussion
control the elements of standard written English.
Who Takes It and Why?

Prospective graduate applicants take the General Test. GRE test scores are used by admissions or fellowship panels to supplement undergraduate records and other qualifications for graduate study. The scores provide common measures for comparing the qualifications of applicants and aid in evaluating grades and recommendations.

Where Do People Take It?

The General Test is offered year-round at computer-based test centers in the U.S., Canada, and many other countries. It is offered at paper-based test centers in areas of the world where computer-based testing is not available. See which format is available in your area.

Who Accepts It?

Any accredited graduate or professional school, or any department or division within a school, may require or recommend that its applicants take the General Test, a Subject Test, or both. If approved by the GRE Board, a non-accredited institution can also receive test takers' scores.
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