The "Blow the Whistle" rapper, who was born Todd Anthony Shaw, was booked shortly after 3 a.m. after a traffic stop in Hollywood, Los Angeles Police officer Cleon Joseph said.
Joseph said the 46-year-old rapper, who is best known as a pioneer of West Coast hip hop in the late 1980s and 1990s, was still in custody but offered no other details.
Too Short was being held on $10,000 bail and charged with at least one felony, according to Los Angeles County jail records. A bail hearing had yet to be scheduled, the records indicated.
Local media reported that the Oakland, California, native tried to run away but was immediately apprehended.
(Reporting by Eric Kelsey, editing by Piya Sinha-Roy and Doina Chiacu)