（新宿御苑にて、今季最終日 / the annual chrysanthemum exhibition on its final day, 20 November, 2016 @ Shinjuku Gyoen Park, Tokyo)
(painting by Hiromitsu Nakazawa in 1909; open-sky flower bed picture taken in the pre-war era.)
(pictures of open-sky flower beds taken in 1969 and 1976.)
A short history of the Chrysanthemum Exhibition in Shinjuku Gyoen Park:
Modern cultivation of ornamental chrysanthemums for Kangiku-kai (ie the Imperial Household chrysanthemum exhibition) began in 1878, a decade after Meiji Restoration (1868).
The activity in Shinjuku Gyoen, which was then solely for imperial use, started in 1904. During 1921- 1925, the whole cultivation for Kangiku-kai was integrated to Shinjuku Gyoen.
The exhibition site was relocated from Akasaka palace to Shinjuku Gyoen in 1929.
Kangiku-kai was suspended during 1937 - 1948. The War ended in 1945.
In 1949, Shinjuku Gyoen was opened to the public as a National Garden. First post-war public chrysanthemum exhibition started in 1949. At the initial opening phase, only the war-survived chrysanthemums were arranged for display.
Although it was not comparable with its peak time in 1935, the first public opening was welcomed by Japanese people, who then were still struggling with post-war reconstruction.
San Francisco Peace Treaty was signed in 1951; the occupation of war-defeated Japan thus ended. (the image of a stamp commemorating the treaty, from Wikipedia/ja)
By 1955, flowerbeds were organised with present-style, which consists of "Uwaya" huts of
(1)"Kengai" (cascade-style arrangement);
(2) classic Ise-Choji-Saga-giku collections;
(3)"O-zukuri" (dome-style arrangement);
(4) classic Edo-giku collections;
(5) Ichimonji-Kudamono-giku (emblems and straws) collections;
(6) classic Higo-giku collections;
(7)"O-giku" (gigantics) collections;
along with two open-sky flower beds in the Japanese Garden.
The exhibition is held annually in November.//